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The coinage of Gordian III from Antioch and Caesarea

Bland, RF; (1991) The coinage of Gordian III from Antioch and Caesarea. UNSPECIFIED thesis (Ph.D), UCL (University College London). Green open access

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This thesis attempts to present for the first time a detailed corpus and die-study of two major Roman coinages of the third century AD, the issues of the mints of Antioch in Syria and Caesarea in Cappadocia from the reign of Gordian III (AD 238-44). The coinage of Antioch consisted of two series of radiates with Roman legends and three series of tetradrachms with Greek legends and 1000 specimens of the former and 318 of the latter are included in the die-study. The die-study of Caesarea includes 113 silver tridrachms, didrachms and drachms and 191 bronze coins in three denominations. There is a full discussion of the types, legends, weights, die-axes and metallic content of each issue and of the methodology used in the die-studies. The study starts by showing how the radiates of Antioch can be distinguished from those of Rome, something that has not been satisfactorily done before. The lack of a clearly explained method of distinguishing the products of these two mints has bedevilled all existing publications of these coins. The thesis also looks for the first time at the relationship between the striking of radiates and tetradrachms at Antioch, the former coins having traditionally been classed as 'Roman' and the latter as 'Greek imperial'. It is argued that the Greek legend issues of both mints should be regarded as much an imperial coinage as the radiates of Antioch. It is also shown that the dies for the coinage of Caesarea were produced by the same engravers as worked at Antioch, something that had not been noticed before. Further chapters examine chronological problems, the metal content of the silver coins of Gordian's reign, the evidence for their circulation in hoards and site finds and the historical events of Gordian's reign. These findings are summarized in the conclusion, which sets the coinages of Antioch and Caesarea in their historical context. The 50 plates illustrate all the obverse dies, except for the second series of radiates from Antioch.

Type: Thesis (UNSPECIFIED)
Qualification: Ph.D
Title: The coinage of Gordian III from Antioch and Caesarea
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Language: English
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10116536
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