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Fabrication of tissue-engineered tympanic membrane patches using 3D-Printing technology

Kalaskar, D; (2021) Fabrication of tissue-engineered tympanic membrane patches using 3D-Printing technology. Journal of The Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials , 114 , Article 104219. 10.1016/j.jmbbm.2020.104219. Green open access

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Abstract

In recent years, scaffolds produced in 3D printing technology have become more widespread tool due to providing more advantages than traditional methods in tissue engineering applications. In this research, it was aimed to produce patches for the treatment of tympanic membrane perforations which caused significant hearing loss by using 3D printing method. Polylactic acid(PLA) scaffolds with Chitosan(CS) and Sodium Alginate(SA) added in various ratios were prepared for artificial eardrum patches. Different amounts of chitosan and sodium alginate added to PLA increased the biocompatibility of the produced scaffolds. The created patches were designed by mimicking the thickness of the natural tympanic membrane thanks to the precision provided by the 3D printed method. The produced scaffolds were analyzed separately for chemical, morphological, mechanical and biocompatibility properties. Scanning electron microscope (SEM), Fourier-transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy was performed to observe the surface morphology and chemical structure of the scaffolds. Mechanical, thermal and physical properties, swelling and degradation behaviors were examined to fully analyze whole characteristic features of the samples. Cell culture study was also performed to demonstrate the biocompatibility properties of the fabricated scaffolds with human adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hAD-MSCs). 15 wt % PLA was selected as the control group and among all concentrations of CS and SA, groups containing 3 wt% CS and 3 wt% SA showed significantly superior and favorable features in printing quality. The research continued with these two scaffolds (3 wt% CS, and 3 wt% SA), which showed improved print quality when added to PLA. Overall, these results show that PLA/CS and PLA/SA 3D printed artificial patches have the potential to tissue engineering solutions to repair tympanic membrane perforation for people with hearing loss.

Type: Article
Title: Fabrication of tissue-engineered tympanic membrane patches using 3D-Printing technology
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.jmbbm.2020.104219
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmbbm.2020.104219
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Surgery and Interventional Sci
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Surgery and Interventional Sci > Department of Ortho and MSK Science
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10116198
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