UCL Discovery
UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

Postnatal checks and primary care consultations in the year following childbirth: an observational cohort study of 309 573 women in the UK, 2006-2016

Smith, HC; Saxena, S; Petersen, I; (2020) Postnatal checks and primary care consultations in the year following childbirth: an observational cohort study of 309 573 women in the UK, 2006-2016. BMJ Open , 10 (11) , Article e036835. 10.1136/bmjopen-2020-036835. Green open access

[img]
Preview
Text
e036835.full.pdf - Published version

Download (798kB) | Preview

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To describe women's uptake of postnatal checks and primary care consultations in the year following childbirth. DESIGN: Observational cohort study using electronic health records. SETTING: UK primary care. PARTICIPANTS: Women aged 16-49 years who had given birth to a single live infant recorded in The Health Improvement Network (THIN) primary care database in 2006-2016. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Postnatal checks and direct consultations in the year following childbirth. RESULTS: We examined 1 427 710 consultations in 309 573 women who gave birth to 241 662 children in 2006-2016. Of these women, 78.7% (243 516) had a consultation at the time of the postnatal check, but only 56.2% (174 061) had a structured postnatal check documented. Teenage women (aged 16-19 years) were 12% less likely to have a postnatal check compared with those aged 30-35 years (incidence rate ratio (IRR) 0.88, 95% CI 0.85 to 0.91) and those living in the most deprived versus least deprived areas were 10% less likely (IRR 0.90, 95% CI 0.88 to 0.92). Women consulted on average 4.8 times per woman per year and 293 049 women (94.7%) had at least one direct consultation in the year after childbirth. Consultation rates were higher for those with a caesarean delivery (7.7 per woman per year, 95% CI 7.7 to 7.8). Consultation rates peaked during weeks 5-10 following birth (11.8 consultations/100 women) coinciding with the postnatal check. CONCLUSIONS: Two in 10 women did not have a consultation at the time of the postnatal check and four in 10 women have no record of receiving a structured postnatal check within the first 10 weeks after giving birth. Teenagers and those from the most deprived areas are among the least likely to have a check. We estimate up to 350 400 women per year in the UK may be missing these opportunities for timely health promotion and to have important health needs identified following childbirth.

Type: Article
Title: Postnatal checks and primary care consultations in the year following childbirth: an observational cohort study of 309 573 women in the UK, 2006-2016
Location: England
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1136/bmjopen-2020-036835
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2020-036835
Language: English
Additional information: This is an open access article distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported (CC BY 4.0) license, which permits others to copy, redistribute, remix, transform and build upon this work for any purpose, provided the original work is properly cited, a link to the licence is given, and indication of whether changes were made. See: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.
Keywords: epidemiology, maternal medicine, primary care, reproductive medicine
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Infection and Immunity
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health > Primary Care and Population Health
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10116147
Downloads since deposit
21Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item