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Blood Pressure and Risk of Cardiovascular Disease in UK Biobank: A Mendelian Randomization Study

Wan, EYF; Fung, WT; Schooling, CM; Yeung, SLA; Kwok, MK; Yu, EYT; Wang, Y; ... Lam, CLK; + view all (2021) Blood Pressure and Risk of Cardiovascular Disease in UK Biobank: A Mendelian Randomization Study. Hypertension , 77 (2) pp. 367-375. 10.1161/HYPERTENSIONAHA.120.16138. Green open access

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Abstract

This study aims to evaluate the causal association of blood pressure (BP) with cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). Two-sample Mendelian randomization was performed using a large genome-wide association study (n=299 024) and the UK Biobank cohort (n=375 256). We identified 327 and 364 single-nucleotide polymorphisms strongly and independently associated with systolic BP and diastolic BP, respectively, as genetic instruments to assess the causal association of BP with total CVD, CVD mortality, and 14 cardiovascular conditions. Nonlinearity was examined with nonlinear instrumental variable assumptions. Genetically predicted BP was significantly positively associated with total CVD (systolic BP, per 10 mm Hg: odds ratio [OR], 1.32 [95% CI, 1.25–1.40]; diastolic BP, per 5 mm Hg: OR, 1.20 [95% CI, 1.15–1.26]). Similar positive causal associations were observed for 14 cardiovascular conditions including ischemic heart disease (systolic BP, per 10 mm Hg: OR, 1.33 [95% CI, 1.24–1.41]; diastolic BP, per 5 mm Hg: OR, 1.20 [95% CI, 1.14–1.27]) and stroke (systolic BP, per 10 mm Hg: OR, 1.35 [95% CI, 1.24–1.48]; diastolic BP, per 5 mm Hg: OR, 1.20 [95% CI, 1.12–1.28]). Nonlinearity Mendelian randomization test demonstrated linear causal association of BP with these outcomes. Consistent estimates were observed in sensitivity analyses, suggesting robustness of the associations and minimal horizontal pleiotropy. The linear positive causal association of BP and CVD was consistent with previous findings that lower BP is better, thus consolidating clinical knowledge on hypertension management in CVD risk reduction.

Type: Article
Title: Blood Pressure and Risk of Cardiovascular Disease in UK Biobank: A Mendelian Randomization Study
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1161/HYPERTENSIONAHA.120.16138
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1161/HYPERTENSIONAHA.120.16138
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher's terms and conditions.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > UCL School of Pharmacy
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > UCL School of Pharmacy > Practice and Policy
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10116014
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