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Energy Conversion between Ions and Electrons through Ion Cyclotron Waves and Embedded Ion-scale Rotational Discontinuity in Collisionless Space Plasmas

Luo, Q; He, J; Cui, J; Zhu, X; Duan, D; Verscharen, D; (2020) Energy Conversion between Ions and Electrons through Ion Cyclotron Waves and Embedded Ion-scale Rotational Discontinuity in Collisionless Space Plasmas. The Astrophysical Journal Letters , 904 (2) , Article L16. 10.3847/2041-8213/abc75a. Green open access

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Abstract

Wave–particle interaction is a fundamental process in collisionless plasma, which results in the redistribution of energy between plasma waves and particle species. The analysis of high-resolution Magnetospheric Multiscale plasma and magnetic field data directly reveals the energy exchange between electromagnetic energy, particle bulk kinetic energy, and thermal kinetic energy in magnetosheath turbulence. This work focuses on the energy transfer associated with ion cyclotron waves (ICWs) and embedded rotational discontinuity (RD). We find that (1) the particle kinetic energy of ions is converted into electromagnetic energy; (2) the electrons are gaining energy from electromagnetic fields, having significant electron heating in the parallel direction around the RD; (3) the ICWs and RD connect and redistribute energy between ions and electrons in the postshock downstream sheath region; and (4) the interactions between pressure tensor and strain tensor redistribute the ion and electron bulk and thermal kinetic energies, but less significantly than direct field–particle interaction by one order of magnitude in the ICW turbulence with weak compressibility, in the sense that (d|B|/|B|)^{2} < 10^{-2}, (dN/N)^{2} < 10^{-2}.

Type: Article
Title: Energy Conversion between Ions and Electrons through Ion Cyclotron Waves and Embedded Ion-scale Rotational Discontinuity in Collisionless Space Plasmas
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/abc75a
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.3847/2041-8213/abc75a
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the version of record. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher's terms and conditions.
Keywords: Interplanetary turbulence (830); Space plasmas (1544); Solar wind (1534)
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Dept of Space and Climate Physics
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10115898
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