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Mapping Synergies and Trade-offs Between Energy and the Sustainable Development Goals: A Case Study of Off-Grid Solar Energy in Rwanda

Bisaga, I; Parikh, P; Tomei, J; To, LS; (2021) Mapping Synergies and Trade-offs Between Energy and the Sustainable Development Goals: A Case Study of Off-Grid Solar Energy in Rwanda. Energy Policy , 149 , Article 112028. 10.1016/j.enpol.2020.112028. Green open access

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Abstract

Energy access is crucial for human well-being and poverty reduction. In sub-Saharan Africa, the failure of grid systems to provide electricity access to last mile users has led to the rapid scale up of off-grid solutions. The authors examine synergies and tradeoffs between solar off-grid solutions and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in Rwanda which as a nation has successfully implemented innovative solar off-grid systems at scale. This paper is the first to map the relationship between energy and the 169 Targets of the 2030 Agenda in a specific country and sector context by operationalising the framework developed in Fuso Nerini et al. (2018). By doing so, this paper demonstrates the need for context-specific rapid assessment tools to monitor and improve energy access. The paper identifies synergies between 80 (47%) of the SDG targets and off-grid solar systems in Rwanda, thus demonstrating the wideranging benefits and value added through the inclusion of the off-grid solar energy sector in the electrification strategy. The paper demonstrates how mainstreaming off-grid policies and prioritising investment in the off-grid sector can realise human development and well-being, build physical and social infrastructures, and achieve sustainable management of environmental resources.

Type: Article
Title: Mapping Synergies and Trade-offs Between Energy and the Sustainable Development Goals: A Case Study of Off-Grid Solar Energy in Rwanda
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.enpol.2020.112028
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enpol.2020.112028
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher's terms and conditions.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Civil, Environ and Geomatic Eng
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > STEaPP
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of the Built Environment
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of the Built Environment > Bartlett School Env, Energy and Resources
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10115129
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