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Long-Term Toxicity and Health-Related Quality of Life After Adjuvant Chemoradiation Therapy or Radiation Therapy Alone for High-Risk Endometrial Cancer in the Randomized PORTEC-3 Trial

Post, CCB; De Boer, SM; Powell, ME; Mileshkin, L; Katsaros, D; Bessette, P; Haie-Meder, C; ... Creutzberg, CL; + view all (2021) Long-Term Toxicity and Health-Related Quality of Life After Adjuvant Chemoradiation Therapy or Radiation Therapy Alone for High-Risk Endometrial Cancer in the Randomized PORTEC-3 Trial. International Journal of Radiation Oncology - Biology - Physics , 109 (4) pp. 975-986. 10.1016/j.ijrobp.2020.10.030. Green open access

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: The survival results of the PORTEC-3 trial showed a significant improvement in both overall and failure-free survival with chemoradiotherapy versus pelvic radiotherapy alone. The present analysis was performed to compare long-term adverse events (AE) and health-related quality of life (HRQOL). PATIENTS AND METHODS: 660 women with high-risk endometrial cancer were randomly assigned to receive chemoradiotherapy (2 concurrent cycles of cisplatin followed by 4 cycles of carboplatin/paclitaxel) or radiotherapy alone. Toxicity was graded using CTCAE v3.0. HRQOL was measured using EORTC QLQ-C30 and CX24/OV28-subscales and compared to normative-data. An as-treated analysis was performed. RESULTS: Median follow up was 74.6 months; 574 (87%) patients were evaluable for HRQOL. At 5 years, grade ≥2 AE were scored for 78 (38%) patients who had received chemoradiotherapy versus 46 (24%) who had received radiotherapy (p=0.008). Grade 3 AE did not differ significantly between the groups (8% vs 5%, p=0.18) at 5 years, and only one new late grade 4 toxicity had been reported. At 3 and 5 years, sensory neuropathy toxicity grade ≥2 persisted after chemoradiotherapy in 6% (vs 0% after radiotherapy, p<0.001) and more patients reported significant tingling or numbness at HRQOL (27% vs 8%, p<0.001 at 3 years; 24% vs 9%, p=0.002 at 5 years). Until 3 years, more patients who had chemoradiotherapy reported limb weakness (21% vs 5%, p<0.001) and lower physical (79 vs 87, p<0.001) and role functioning (78 vs 88, p<0.001) scores. Both treatment groups reported similar long-term global health/QOL scores, which were better than those of the normative-population. CONCLUSION: This study shows a long-lasting, clinically relevant, negative impact of chemoradiotherapy on toxicity and HRQOL, most importantly persistent peripheral sensory neuropathy. Physical and role functioning impairments were seen until 3 years. These long-term data are essential for patient information and shared decision-making regarding adjuvant chemotherapy for high-risk endometrial cancer.

Type: Article
Title: Long-Term Toxicity and Health-Related Quality of Life After Adjuvant Chemoradiation Therapy or Radiation Therapy Alone for High-Risk Endometrial Cancer in the Randomized PORTEC-3 Trial
Location: United States
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.ijrobp.2020.10.030
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijrobp.2020.10.030
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © 2020 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Inc. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Keywords: Endometrial cancer, chemoradiotherapy, chemotherapy, quality of life, radiotherapy, toxicity
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Cancer Institute
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Cancer Institute > CRUK Cancer Trials Centre
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10114911
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