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Diffusion magnetic resonance imaging assessment of regional white matter maturation in preterm neonates

Kimpton, JA; Batalle, D; Barnett, ML; Hughes, EJ; Chew, ATM; Falconer, S; Tournier, JD; ... Counsell, SJ; + view all (2020) Diffusion magnetic resonance imaging assessment of regional white matter maturation in preterm neonates. Neuroradiology 10.1007/s00234-020-02584-9. (In press). Green open access

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Abstract

PURPOSE: Diffusion magnetic resonance imaging (dMRI) studies report altered white matter (WM) development in preterm infants. Neurite orientation dispersion and density imaging (NODDI) metrics provide more realistic estimations of neurite architecture in vivo compared with standard diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) metrics. This study investigated microstructural maturation of WM in preterm neonates scanned between 25 and 45 weeks postmenstrual age (PMA) with normal neurodevelopmental outcomes at 2 years using DTI and NODDI metrics. METHODS: Thirty-one neonates (n = 17 male) with median (range) gestational age (GA) 32+1 weeks (24+2-36+4) underwent 3 T brain MRI at median (range) post menstrual age (PMA) 35+2 weeks (25+3-43+1). WM tracts (cingulum, fornix, corticospinal tract (CST), inferior longitudinal fasciculus (ILF), optic radiations) were delineated using constrained spherical deconvolution and probabilistic tractography in MRtrix3. DTI and NODDI metrics were extracted for the whole tract and cross-sections along each tract to assess regional development. RESULTS: PMA at scan positively correlated with fractional anisotropy (FA) in the CST, fornix and optic radiations and neurite density index (NDI) in the cingulum, CST and fornix and negatively correlated with mean diffusivity (MD) in all tracts. A multilinear regression model demonstrated PMA at scan influenced all diffusion measures, GA and GAxPMA at scan influenced FA, MD and NDI and gender affected NDI. Cross-sectional analyses revealed asynchronous WM maturation within and between WM tracts.). CONCLUSION: We describe normal WM maturation in preterm neonates with normal neurodevelopmental outcomes. NODDI can enhance our understanding of WM maturation compared with standard DTI metrics alone.

Type: Article
Title: Diffusion magnetic resonance imaging assessment of regional white matter maturation in preterm neonates
Location: Germany
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1007/s00234-020-02584-9
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00234-020-02584-9
Language: English
Additional information: This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article's Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article's Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.
Keywords: Diffusion magnetic resonance imaging (dMRI), High-angular resolution diffusion MR imaging (HARDI), Neonate, Neurite orientation dispersion and density imaging (NODDI), Preterm, Tractography
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Computer Science
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10114657
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