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Girl protagonists of Chilean dictatorship novels for the young

Munoz Chereau, B; (2020) Girl protagonists of Chilean dictatorship novels for the young. International Research in Children's Literature , 14 (1) pp. 22-38. 10.3366/ircl.2021.0375. Green open access

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Abstract

Narratives for children about Augusto Pinochet's dictatorship in Chile (1973–89) written by the sons and daughters of that era constitute a recognised genre. For the most part the genre features boy characters who not only have voice and choice, but also unrealistically win the fight against the oppressors. This paper examines two of the rare works with girl protagonists, paying attention to how their voices are constructed: Mariana Osorio Gumá's Tal vez vuelvan los pájaros [Maybe the birds will return] (Mexico, 2013) and Matilde by Carola Martínez Arroyo (Argentina, 2016). I apply Deleuze's theories about the gaze to girls to identify patterns that afford the construction of ‘lucid’ protagonists in terms of recurring modes of language production (silence, ordered discourse, invention), giving rise to inquisitive girls. Through the construction of a girl's lucid gaze, which can withstand and narrate the horrors of the dictatorship, these novels offer young audiences a powerful space for historic and collective memory.

Type: Article
Title: Girl protagonists of Chilean dictatorship novels for the young
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.3366/ircl.2021.0375
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.3366/ircl.2021.0375
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher's terms and conditions.
Keywords: Girl heroines, childhood studies, Chilean children's literature, Chilean dictatorship, insider literature, girlhood studies
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education > UCL Institute of Education
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education > UCL Institute of Education > IOE - Learning and Leadership
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10114461
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