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Quantum Confinement and Thickness-Dependent Electron Transport in Solution-Processed In₂O₃ Transistors

Isakov, I; Faber, H; Mottram, AD; Das, S; Grell, M; Regoutz, A; Kilmurray, R; ... Anthopoulos, TD; + view all (2020) Quantum Confinement and Thickness-Dependent Electron Transport in Solution-Processed In₂O₃ Transistors. Advanced Electronic Materials , 6 (11) , Article 2000682. 10.1002/aelm.202000682. Green open access

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Abstract

The dependence of charge carrier mobility on semiconductor channel thickness in field-effect transistors is a universal phenomenon that has been studied extensively for various families of materials. Surprisingly, analogous studies involving metal oxide semiconductors are relatively scarce. Here, spray-deposited In_{2}O_{3} layers are employed as the model semiconductor system to study the impact of layer thickness on quantum confinement and electron transport along the transistor channel. The results reveal an exponential increase of the in-plane electron mobility (µe) with increasing In2O3 thickness up to ≈10 nm, beyond which it plateaus at a maximum value of ≈35 cm^{2} V^{−1} s^{−1}. Optical spectroscopy measurements performed on In_{2}O_{3} layers reveal the emergence of quantum confinement for thickness <10 nm, which coincides with the thickness that µe starts deteriorating. By combining two- and four-probe field-effect mobility measurements with high-resolution atomic force microscopy, it is shown that the reduction in µe is attributed primarily to surface scattering. The study provides important guidelines for the design of next generation metal oxide thin-film transistors.

Type: Article
Title: Quantum Confinement and Thickness-Dependent Electron Transport in Solution-Processed In₂O₃ Transistors
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1002/aelm.202000682
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1002/aelm.202000682
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher's terms and conditions.
Keywords: indium oxide, quantum confinement, spray pyrolysis, surface roughness scattering, thin‐film transistors
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Dept of Chemistry
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10114381
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