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COVID-19 School Closures and Parental Labor Supply in the United States

Sevilla, A; Amuedo-Dorantes, C; Marcén, M; Morales, M; (2020) COVID-19 School Closures and Parental Labor Supply in the United States. (IZA Discussion Papers 13827). Institute of Labor Economics: Bonn, Germany. Green open access

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Abstract

We examine the role of school closures in contributing to the negative labor market impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic. We collect detailed daily information on school closures at the school-district level, which we merge to individual level data on various employment and socio- demographic characteristics from the monthly Current Population Survey from January 2019 through May 2020. Using a difference-in-differences estimation approach, we gauge how the intensity of school closures affects the labor supply of mothers and fathers of young school-age children. We find evidence of non-negligible labor supply reductions, particularly among mothers. These impacts prove robust to endogeneity checks and persist after accounting for other social-distancing measures in place.

Type: Working / discussion paper
Title: COVID-19 School Closures and Parental Labor Supply in the United States
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Publisher version: https://www.iza.org/publications/dp/13827/covid-19...
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the version of record. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: COVID-19, school closures, parental labor supply, United States
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education > UCL Institute of Education
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education > UCL Institute of Education > IOE - Social Research Institute
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10114241
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