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Fast high-resolution metabolic imaging of acute stroke with 3D magnetic resonance spectroscopy

Li, Y; Wang, T; Zhang, T; Lin, Z; Li, Y; Guo, R; Zhao, Y; ... Nachev, P; + view all (2020) Fast high-resolution metabolic imaging of acute stroke with 3D magnetic resonance spectroscopy. Brain , Article awaa264. 10.1093/brain/awaa264. (In press). Green open access

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Abstract

Impaired oxygen and cellular metabolism is a hallmark of ischaemic injury in acute stroke. Magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging (MRSI) has long been recognized as a potentially powerful tool for non-invasive metabolic imaging. Nonetheless, long acquisition time, poor spatial resolution, and narrow coverage have limited its clinical application. Here we investigated the feasibility and potential clinical utility of rapid, high spatial resolution, near whole-brain 3D metabolic imaging based on a novel MRSI technology. In an 8-min scan, we simultaneously obtained 3D maps of N-acetylaspartate and lactate at a nominal spatial resolution of 2.0 × 3.0 × 3.0 mm3 with near whole-brain coverage from a cohort of 18 patients with acute ischaemic stroke. Serial structural and perfusion MRI was used to define detailed spatial maps of tissue-level outcomes against which high-resolution metabolic changes were evaluated. Within hypoperfused tissue, the lactate signal was higher in areas that ultimately infarcted compared with those that recovered (P < 0.0001). Both lactate (P < 0.0001) and N-acetylaspartate (P < 0.001) differed between infarcted and other regions. Within the areas of diffusion-weighted abnormality, lactate was lower where recovery was observed compared with elsewhere (P < 0.001). This feasibility study supports further investigation of fast high-resolution MRSI in acute stroke.

Type: Article
Title: Fast high-resolution metabolic imaging of acute stroke with 3D magnetic resonance spectroscopy
Location: England
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1093/brain/awaa264
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/brain/awaa264
Language: English
Additional information: © The Author(s) (2020). Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Guarantors of Brain. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted reuse, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Keywords: N-acetylaspartate, ischaemic stroke, lactate, magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging, penumbra
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology > Brain Repair and Rehabilitation
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10114148
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