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Speechreading Ability Is Related to Phonological Awareness and Single-Word Reading in Both Deaf and Hearing Children

Buchanan-Worster, E; MacSweeney, M; Pimperton, H; Kyle, F; Harris, M; Beedie, I; Ralph-Lewis, A; (2020) Speechreading Ability Is Related to Phonological Awareness and Single-Word Reading in Both Deaf and Hearing Children. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research pp. 1-11. 10.1044/2020_JSLHR-20-00159. Green open access

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Abstract

Purpose Speechreading (lipreading) is a correlate of reading ability in both deaf and hearing children. We investigated whether the relationship between speechreading and single-word reading is mediated by phonological awareness in deaf and hearing children. Method In two separate studies, 66 deaf children and 138 hearing children, aged 5-8 years old, were assessed on measures of speechreading, phonological awareness, and single-word reading. We assessed the concurrent relationships between latent variables measuring speechreading, phonological awareness, and single-word reading. Results In both deaf and hearing children, there was a strong relationship between speechreading and single-word reading, which was fully mediated by phonological awareness. Conclusions These results are consistent with ideas from previous studies that visual speech information contributes to the development of phonological representations in both deaf and hearing children, which, in turn, support learning to read. Future longitudinal and training studies are required to establish whether these relationships reflect causal effects.

Type: Article
Title: Speechreading Ability Is Related to Phonological Awareness and Single-Word Reading in Both Deaf and Hearing Children
Location: United States
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1044/2020_JSLHR-20-00159
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1044/2020_JSLHR-20-00159
Language: English
Additional information: This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences > Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences > Language and Cognition
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10114143
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