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Feasibility of evaluation of the natural history of kidney disease in the general population using electronic healthcare records

Cleary, F; Prieto-Merino, D; Hull, S; Caplin, B; Nitsch, D; (2020) Feasibility of evaluation of the natural history of kidney disease in the general population using electronic healthcare records. Clinical Kidney Journal 10.1093/ckj/sfaa175. (In press). Green open access

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Abstract

Background: Knowledge about the nature of long-term changes in kidney function in the general population is sparse. We aim to identify whether primary care electronic healthcare records capture sufficient information to study the natural history of kidney disease. / Methods: The National Chronic Kidney Disease Audit database covers ∼14% of the population of England and Wales. Availability of repeat serum creatinine tests was evaluated by risk factors for chronic kidney disease (CKD) and individual changes over time in estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) were estimated using linear regression. Sensitivity of estimation to method of evaluation of eGFR compared laboratory-reported eGFR and recalculated eGFR (using laboratory-reported creatinine), to uncover any impact of historical creatinine calibration issues on slope estimation. / Results: Twenty-five per cent of all adults, 92% of diabetics and 96% of those with confirmed CKD had at least three creatinine tests, spanning a median of 5.7 years, 6.2 years and 6.1 years, respectively. Median changes in laboratory-reported eGFR (mL/min/1.73 m2/year) were −1.32 (CKD) and −0.60 (diabetes). Median changes in recalculated eGFR were −0.98 (CKD) and −0.11 (diabetes), underestimating decline. Magnitude of underestimation (and between-patient variation in magnitude) decreased with deteriorating eGFR. For CKD Stages 3, 4 and 5 (at latest eGFR), median slopes were −1.27, −2.49 and -3.87 for laboratory-reported eGFR and −0.89, −2.26 and −3.75 for recalculated eGFR. / Conclusions: Evaluation of long-term changes in renal function will be possible in those at greatest risk if methods are identified to overcome creatinine calibration problems. Bias will be reduced by focussing on patients with confirmed CKD.

Type: Article
Title: Feasibility of evaluation of the natural history of kidney disease in the general population using electronic healthcare records
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1093/ckj/sfaa175
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1093/ckj/sfaa175
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © The Author(s) 2020. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of ERA-EDTA. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted reuse, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Keywords: CKD, CKD progression, creatinine, electronic healthcare records, primary care
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine > Renal Medicine
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Health Informatics
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10114139
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