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Ceramide synthase TLCD3B is a novel gene associated with human recessive retinal dystrophy

Bertrand, RE; Wang, J; Xiong, KH; Thangavel, C; Qian, X; Ba-Abbad, R; Liang, Q; ... Chen, R; + view all (2021) Ceramide synthase TLCD3B is a novel gene associated with human recessive retinal dystrophy. Genetics in Medicine , 23 pp. 488-497. 10.1038/s41436-020-01003-x. Green open access

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Arno_TLCD3B retinal degeneration_Manuscript_GIM_wdegrees(1).pdf - Accepted version

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Abstract

PURPOSE: Previous studies suggest that ceramide is a proapoptotic lipid as high levels of ceramides can lead to apoptosis of neuronal cells, including photoreceptors. However, no pathogenic variant in ceramide synthases has been identified in human patients and knockout of various ceramide synthases in mice has not led to photoreceptor degeneration. METHODS: Exome sequencing was used to identify candidate disease genes in patients with vision loss as confirmed by standard evaluation methods, including electroretinography (ERG) and optical coherence tomography. The vision loss phenotype in mice was evaluated by ERG and histological analyses. RESULTS: Here we have identified four patients with cone-rod dystrophy or maculopathy from three families carrying pathogenic variants in TLCD3B. Consistent with the phenotype observed in patients, the Tlcd3bKO/KO mice exhibited a significant reduction of the cone photoreceptor light responses, thinning of the outer nuclear layer, and loss of cone photoreceptors across the retina. CONCLUSION: Our results provide a link between loss-of-function variants in a ceramide synthase gene and human retinal dystrophy. Establishment of the Tlcd3b knockout murine model, an in vivo photoreceptor cell degeneration model due to loss of a ceramide synthase, will provide a unique opportunity in probing the role of ceramide in survival and function of photoreceptor cells.

Type: Article
Title: Ceramide synthase TLCD3B is a novel gene associated with human recessive retinal dystrophy
Location: United States
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1038/s41436-020-01003-x
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41436-020-01003-x
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: TLCD3B, ceramide synthase, cone–rod degeneration, novel disease gene, retinal degeneration
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Institute of Ophthalmology
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10114005
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