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Hyponatraemia despite isotonic maintenance fluid therapy: a time series intervention study

Chromek, M; Jungner, Å; Rudolfson, N; Ley, D; Bockenhauer, D; Hagander, L; (2020) Hyponatraemia despite isotonic maintenance fluid therapy: a time series intervention study. Archives of Disease in Childhood 10.1136/archdischild-2019-318555. (In press). Green open access

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To examine the prevalence of dysnatraemias among children admitted for paediatric surgery before and after a change from hypotonic to isotonic intravenous maintenance fluid therapy. DESIGN: Retrospective consecutive time series intervention study. SETTING: Paediatric surgery ward at the Children's Hospital in Lund, during a 7-year period, 2010-2017. PATIENTS: All children with a blood sodium concentration measurement during the study period were included. Hypotonic maintenance fluid (40 mmol/L NaCl and 20 mmol/L KCl) was used during the first 3 years of the study (646 patients), and isotonic solution (140 mmol/L NaCl and 20 mmol/L KCl) was used during the following period (807 patients). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Primary outcomes were sodium concentration and occurrence of hyponatraemia (<135 mmol/L) or hypernatraemia (>145 mmol/L). RESULTS: Overall, the change from hypotonic to isotonic intravenous maintenance fluid therapy was associated with a decreased prevalence of hyponatraemia from 29% to 22% (adjusted OR 0.65 (0.51-0.82)) without a significantly increased odds for hypernatraemia (from 3.4% to 4.3%, adjusted OR 1.2 (0.71-2.1)). Hyponatraemia <130 mmol/L decreased from 6.2% to 2.6%, and hyponatraemia <125 mmol/L decreased from 2.0% to 0.5%. CONCLUSIONS: Routine use of intravenous isotonic maintenance fluids was associated with lower prevalence of hyponatraemia, although hyponatraemia still occurred in over 20% of patients. We propose that the composition and the volume of administered fluid need to be addressed.

Type: Article
Title: Hyponatraemia despite isotonic maintenance fluid therapy: a time series intervention study
Location: England
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1136/archdischild-2019-318555
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1136/archdischild-2019-318555
Language: English
Additional information: This is an open access article distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited, appropriate credit is given, any changes made indicated, and the use is non-commercial. See: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine > Renal Medicine
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10113856
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