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Impact of early vs. delayed initiation of dutasteride/tamsulosin combination therapy on the risk of acute urinary retention or BPH-related surgery in LUTS/BPH patients with moderate-to-severe symptoms at risk of disease progression

D'Agate, S; Chavan, C; Manyak, M; Palacios-Moreno, JM; Oelke, M; Michel, MC; Roehrborn, CG; (2020) Impact of early vs. delayed initiation of dutasteride/tamsulosin combination therapy on the risk of acute urinary retention or BPH-related surgery in LUTS/BPH patients with moderate-to-severe symptoms at risk of disease progression. World Journal of Urology 10.1007/s00345-020-03517-0. (In press). Green open access

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Abstract

Purpose: To evaluate the effect of delayed start of combination therapy (CT) with dutasteride 0.5 mg and tamsulosin 0.4 mg on the risk of acute urinary retention or benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)-related surgery (AUR/S) in patients with moderate-to-severe lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) at risk of disease progression. Methods: Using a time-to-event model based on pooled data from 10,238 patients from Phase III/IV dutasteride trials, clinical trial simulations (CTS) were performed to assess the risk of AUR/S up to 48 months in moderate-to-severe LUTS/BPH patients following immediate and delayed start of CT for those not responding to tamsulosin monotherapy. Simulation scenarios (1300 subjects/arm) were investigated, including immediate start (reference) and alternative delayed start (six scenarios 1–24 months). AUR/S incidence was described by Kaplan–Meier survival curves and analysed using log-rank test. The cumulative incidence of events as well as the relative and attributable risks were summarised stratified by treatment. Results: Survival curves for patients starting CT at month 1 and 3 did not differ from those who initiated CT immediately. By contrast, significant differences (p < 0.001) were observed when switch to CT occurs ≥ 6 months from the initial treatment. At month 48, AUR/S incidence was 4.6% vs 9.5%, 11.0% and 11.3% in patients receiving immediate CT vs. switchers after 6, 12 and 24 months, respectively. Conclusions: Start of CT before month 6 appears to significantly reduce the risk of AUR/S compared with delayed start by ≥ 6 months. This has implications for the treatment algorithm for men with LUTS/BPH at risk of disease progression.

Type: Article
Title: Impact of early vs. delayed initiation of dutasteride/tamsulosin combination therapy on the risk of acute urinary retention or BPH-related surgery in LUTS/BPH patients with moderate-to-severe symptoms at risk of disease progression
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1007/s00345-020-03517-0
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00345-020-03517-0
Language: English
Additional information: This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > UCL School of Pharmacy
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > UCL School of Pharmacy > Pharmacology
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10113594
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