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La ocupación Wari y el culto Inca a Viracocha en Raqchi, Cuzco

Sillar, W; Dean, E; Pérez Trujillo, A; (2019) La ocupación Wari y el culto Inca a Viracocha en Raqchi, Cuzco. Revista Haucaypata. Investigaciones arqueológicas del Tahuantinsuyo , 14 pp. 55-89. Green open access

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Abstract

El sitio arqueológico de Raqchi es más conocido por su gran edificio Inca, identificado como el “Templo de Viracocha” por fuentes virreinales. El sitio también incluye un sector con 152 estructuras circulares interpretadas como colcas incas por autores que nos preceden. Sin embargo, aunque se ha registrado cerámica incaica al interior de algunas de ellas; la cerámica utilitaria, los restos botánicos carbonizados y los fogones registrados en sus pisos tienen filiación Wari (Horizonte Medio). Por ello, sugerimos que este sector de Raqchi funcionó como un complejo Wari para grupos temporales de trabajo, similares a los evidenciados en los sitios arqueológicos de Pikillacta y Azángaro, lo que a su vez sugiere un aspecto coercitivo en la colonización Wari. Esto lleva a una reevaluación del culto Inca a Viracocha y de la reutilización ritual de los sitios estatales Tiahuanaco y Wari durante el Horizonte Tardío. // The archaeological site of Raqchi is mostly known for its grand Inca edifice., identified in vice royal archives as the ‘Temple of Viracocha’. The site also includes a sector with 152 circular structures interpreted as Inca colcas (storehouses) by earlier authors. Nevertheless, even though Inca pottery has been found in some of these, the utilitarian pottery, the carbonized botanic remains, and the firepits found in their floors have a Wari affiliation (Middle Horizon). It is for this reason that we suggest that this sector of Raqchi functioned as a Wari facility for contemporary labor groups, similar to those identified at the sites of Pikillacta and Azangaro; which suggests a coercive aspect in the Wari colonization of this area. This indicates that a reevaluation of the Inca cult of Viracocha is necessary, in a similar way as is evident in the ritual re-use of the sites of Tiahuanaco and Wari during the Late Horizon.

Type: Article
Title: La ocupación Wari y el culto Inca a Viracocha en Raqchi, Cuzco
Location: Peru
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Publisher version: https://sites.google.com/site/revistahaucaypata/
Language: Spanish
Additional information: This version is the version of record. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Wari, Inca, almacenamiento, trabajo, control, ritual, storage, work
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS > Institute of Archaeology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS > Institute of Archaeology > Institute of Archaeology Gordon Square
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10113296
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