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Accurately Assessing Gay Men's Erectile Functioning: A Critique of the International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF) Use with Gay Men

Kiss, MJ; McDonagh, LK; Sparks, B; Hamp, T; Morrison, TG; (2020) Accurately Assessing Gay Men's Erectile Functioning: A Critique of the International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF) Use with Gay Men. The Journal of Sex Research 10.1080/00224499.2020.1811195. (In press).

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Abstract

The International Index of Erectile Functioning (IIEF) has been widely used to measure gay men’s erectile functioning. However, the IIEF was initially developed using a sample of men whose sexual orientation was unspecified. Using scales not validated for specific populations can result in inaccurate assessments. The purpose of the current study was to evaluate the dimensionality, reliability, and validity of the IIEF with a large sample of gay men. One thousand and eighteen men self-identifying as “exclusively gay” completed an online survey consisting of demographics, the IIEF, the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), the Perceived Stress Scale 4 (PSS4), and the Gay Male Sexual Difficulties (GMSD) erectile difficulties sub-scale. The replicability of the IIEF factor structure with a gay male sample was determined using exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses. Additionally, the HADS, PSS4, and GMSD were used to determine the validity of the IIEF. The current study was unable to replicate the IIEF factor structure. Four items required deletion and the factor solution differed from the original. Thus, reinterpretation of the latent variables was deemed necessary. Although the resultant 12-item IIEF evidenced model fit, validity, and reliability, it is not recommended for use with gay men. The revised IIEF is unable to accurately measure gay men’s erectile functioning as the content of the items fail to capture their sexual behaviors (i.e., insertive and receptive anal sex).

Type: Article
Title: Accurately Assessing Gay Men's Erectile Functioning: A Critique of the International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF) Use with Gay Men
Location: United States
DOI: 10.1080/00224499.2020.1811195
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1080/00224499.2020.1811195
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health > Primary Care and Population Health
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10113280
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