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I Smell Trouble: Using Multiple Scents To Convey Driving-Relevant Information

Dmitrenko, D; Maggioni, E; Obrist, M; (2018) I Smell Trouble: Using Multiple Scents To Convey Driving-Relevant Information. In: D'Mello, SK and Georgiou, P and Scherer, S and Provost, EM and Soleymani, M and Worsley, M, (eds.) ICMI '18: Proceedings of the 20th ACM International Conference on Multimodal Interaction. (pp. pp. 234-238). Association for Computing Machinery (ACM): New York, NY, USA. Green open access

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Abstract

Cars provide drivers with task-related information (e.g. "Fill gas") mainly using visual and auditory stimuli. However, those stimuli may distract or overwhelm the driver, causing unnecessary stress. Here, we propose olfactory stimulation as a novel feedback modality to support the perception of visual notifications, reducing the visual demand of the driver. Based on previous research, we explore the application of the scents of lavender, peppermint, and lemon to convey three driving-relevant messages (i.e. "Slow down", "Short inter-vehicle distance", "Lane departure"). Our paper is the first to demonstrate the application of olfactory conditioning in the context of driving and to explore how multiple olfactory notifications change the driving behaviour. Our findings demonstrate that olfactory notifications are perceived as less distracting, more comfortable, and more helpful than visual notifications. Drivers also make less driving mistakes when exposed to olfactory notifications. We discuss how these findings inform the design of future in-car user interfaces.

Type: Proceedings paper
Title: I Smell Trouble: Using Multiple Scents To Convey Driving-Relevant Information
Event: 20th ACM International Conference on Multimodal Interaction (ICMI '18)
Location: Boulder, CO, USA
Dates: 16 October 2018 - 20 October 2018
ISBN-13: 9781450356923
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1145/3242969.3243015
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1145/3242969.3243015
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: smell, multimodal interfaces, odour stimulation, in-car user interfaces, notification systems, perception, olfaction
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Computer Science
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10112523
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