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Co3+-O-V4+ cluster in CoVOx nanorods for efficient and stable electrochemical oxygen evolution

Jiang, C; Yang, J; Zhao, T; Xiong, L; Guo, ZX; Ren, Y; Qi, H; ... Tang, J; + view all (2021) Co3+-O-V4+ cluster in CoVOx nanorods for efficient and stable electrochemical oxygen evolution. Applied Catalysis B: Environmental , 282 , Article 119571. 10.1016/j.apcatb.2020.119571. (In press).

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Abstract

The development of cost-efficient and long-term stable catalysts for the oxygen evolution reaction (OER) is crucial to produce clean and sustainable H2 fuels from water. Here we demonstrate a cobalt vanadium oxide (CoVOx-300) working as such an efficient and durable electrocatalyst. Such an active catalyst is beneficial from the balanced Co3+-O-V4+ active species, which show the high surface Co3+ contents with matched V4+ generated by rapid heat treatment. The CoVOx-300 with highest Co3+/Co2+ ratio of 1.4 and corresponding highest V4+/ V5+ ratio of 1.7 exhibits remarkable OER activity with an overpotential of 330 mV at current density of 10 mA cm−2 (η10), a shallow Tafel slope of only 46 mV dec-1 and a current density of 100 mA cm−2 at an overpotential of 0.38 V vs RHE, which is 20 times higher than the active CoOx-300 and 1000 times higher than VOx-300. The catalyst also shows excellent stability for 10 h in alkaline media and a 40 % reduced activation energy to the counterpart, CoOx-300. The overpotential (η10) of CoVOx-300 also shows nearly 70 and 80 mV lower than the corresponding CoOx-300 and CoVOx catalysts, respectively and 20 % lower Tafel slope than the commercial benchmark catalyst RuO2. Thus, this study for the first time demonstrates that surface Co3+-O-V4+ species play a crucial role in improving electrocatalytic properties and stability for water oxidation reaction and the approaches allow the rational design and synthesis of other active transition metal oxides toward efficient OER activity.

Type: Article
Title: Co3+-O-V4+ cluster in CoVOx nanorods for efficient and stable electrochemical oxygen evolution
DOI: 10.1016/j.apcatb.2020.119571
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apcatb.2020.119571
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Co3+ -O-V 4+ cluster, nanorods, electrocatalysts, oxygen evolution, stability
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Chemical Engineering
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Dept of Chemistry
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10112318
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