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5-Aminolevulinic acid for fluorescence-guided surgery in pancreatic cancer: Cellular transport and fluorescence quantification studies

Labib, PL; Yaghini, E; Davidson, BR; MacRobert, AJ; Pereira, SP; (2021) 5-Aminolevulinic acid for fluorescence-guided surgery in pancreatic cancer: Cellular transport and fluorescence quantification studies. Translational Oncology , 14 (1) , Article 100886. 10.1016/j.tranon.2020.100886. (In press). Green open access

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Abstract

5-Aminolevulinic acid (ALA) is a potential contrast agent for fluorescence-guided surgery in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). However, factors influencing ALA uptake in PDAC have not been adequately assessed. We investigated ALA-induced porphyrin fluorescence in PDAC cell lines CFPAC-1 and PANC-1 and pancreatic ductal cell line H6c7 following incubation with 0.25–1.0 mM ALA for 4–48 h. Fluorescence was assessed qualitatively by microscopy and quantitatively by plate reader and flow cytometry. Haem biosynthesis enzymes and transporters were measured by quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR). CFPAC-1 cells exhibited intense fluorescence under microscopy at low concentrations whereas PANC-1 cells and pancreatic ductal cell line H6c7 showed much lower fluorescence. Quantitative fluorescence studies demonstrated fluorescence saturation in the two PDAC cell lines at 0.5 mM ALA, whereas H6c7 cells showed increasing fluorescence with increasing ALA. Based on the PDAC:H6c7 fluorescence ratio studies, lower ALA concentrations provide better contrast between PDAC and benign pancreatic cells. Studies with qPCR showed upregulation of ALA influx transporter PEPT1 in CFPAC-1, whereas PANC-1 upregulated the efflux transporter ABCG2. We conclude that PEPT1 and ABCG2 expression may be key contributory factors for variability in ALA-induced fluorescence in PDAC.

Type: Article
Title: 5-Aminolevulinic acid for fluorescence-guided surgery in pancreatic cancer: Cellular transport and fluorescence quantification studies
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.tranon.2020.100886
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tranon.2020.100886
Language: English
Additional information: This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine > Inst for Liver and Digestive Hlth
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Surgery and Interventional Sci
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Surgery and Interventional Sci > Department of Surgical Biotechnology
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10112316
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