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Understanding the Treatment Algorithm of Patients with Metastatic Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Neoplasms: A Single-Institution Retrospective Analysis Comparing Outcomes of Chemotherapy, Molecular Targeted Therapy, and Peptide Receptor Radionuclide Therapy in 255 Patients

Hayes, AR; Mak, IYF; Evans, N; Naik, R; Crawford, A; Khoo, B; Grossman, AB; ... Meyer, T; + view all (2021) Understanding the Treatment Algorithm of Patients with Metastatic Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Neoplasms: A Single-Institution Retrospective Analysis Comparing Outcomes of Chemotherapy, Molecular Targeted Therapy, and Peptide Receptor Radionuclide Therapy in 255 Patients. Neuroendocrinology , 111 (9) pp. 863-875. 10.1159/000511662. Green open access

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Abstract

Background The number of therapeutic options for patients with pancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasms (PNEN) has increased, but the optimal therapeutic algorithm has not been defined due to lack of randomised trials comparing different modalities. Methods We performed a retrospective study in patients with metastatic PNEN treated with ≥1 line of systemic therapy. The relationship between baseline characteristics, treatment type and time to treatment failure (TTF), time to progression (TTP) and overall survival (OS) was analysed using the Kaplan-Meier method. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed using the Cox proportional hazards model. Results Two hundred and fifty-five patients with metastatic PNEN had 491 evaluable lines of therapy. Independent predictors of TTF included treatment type, Ki-67, tumour grade and chromogranin A. To reduce selection bias, a subgroup of 114 patients with grade 2 (G2) metastatic pancreatic neuroendocrine tumours (PNET) was analysed separately. These patients had received 234 lines of treatment (105 chemotherapy, 82 molecular targeted therapy, and 47 peptide receptor radionuclide therapy [PRRT]). In the G2 cohort, TTF and TTP were superior for PRRT compared with both chemotherapy and molecular targeted therapy. OS in the G2 cohort was also superior for those that had received PRRT compared with those that had not (median 84 vs 56 months; HR 0.55, 95%CI 0.31-0.98, p=0.04). Conclusions This study suggests that PRRT is associated with superior clinical outcomes relative to other systemic therapies for G2 metastatic PNET. Prospective studies are required to confirm these observations.

Type: Article
Title: Understanding the Treatment Algorithm of Patients with Metastatic Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Neoplasms: A Single-Institution Retrospective Analysis Comparing Outcomes of Chemotherapy, Molecular Targeted Therapy, and Peptide Receptor Radionuclide Therapy in 255 Patients
Location: Switzerland
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1159/000511662
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1159/000511662
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Pancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasms, Chemotherapy, Molecular targeted therapy, Peptide receptor radionuclide therapy, Treatment algorithm
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Cancer Institute
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Cancer Institute > Research Department of Oncology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine > Renal Medicine
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10112272
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