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Multicenter Study of Dynamic High-Density Functional Substrate Mapping Improves Identification of Substrate Targets for Ischemic Ventricular Tachycardia Ablation

Srinivasan, NT; Garcia, J; Schilling, RJ; Ahsan, S; Babu, GG; Ang, R; Dhinoja, MB; ... Lambiase, PD; + view all (2020) Multicenter Study of Dynamic High-Density Functional Substrate Mapping Improves Identification of Substrate Targets for Ischemic Ventricular Tachycardia Ablation. JACC: Clinical Electrophysiology 10.1016/j.jacep.2020.06.037. (In press). Green open access

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Abstract

Objectives: The goal of this study was to evaluate the role of dynamic substrate changes in facilitating conduction delay and re-entry in ventricular tachycardia (VT) circuits. / Background: The presence of dynamic substrate changes facilitate functional block and re-entry in VT but are rarely studied as part of clinical VT mapping. Methods: Thirty patients (age 67 ± 9 years; 27 male subjects) underwent ablation. Mapping was performed with the Advisor HD Grid multipolar catheter. A bipolar voltage map was obtained during sinus rhythm (SR) and right ventricular sensed protocol (SP) single extra pacing. SR and SP maps of late potentials (LP) and local abnormal ventricular activity (LAVA) were made and compared with critical sites for ablation, defined as sites of best entrainment or pace mapping. Ablation was then performed to critical sites, and LP/LAVA identified by the SP. / Results: At a median follow-up of 12 months, 90% of patients were free from antitachycardia pacing (ATP) or implantable cardioverter-defibrillator shocks. SP pacing resulted in a larger area of LP identified for ablation (19.3 mm2 vs. 6.4 mm2) during SR mapping (p = 0.001), with a sensitivity of 87% and a specificity of 96%, compared with 78% and 65%, respectively, in SR. / Conclusions: LP and LAVA observed during the SP were able to identify regions critical for ablation in VT with a greater accuracy than SR mapping. This may improve substrate characterization in VT ablation. The combination of ablation to critical sites and SP-derived LP/LAVA requires further assessment in a randomized comparator study.

Type: Article
Title: Multicenter Study of Dynamic High-Density Functional Substrate Mapping Improves Identification of Substrate Targets for Ischemic Ventricular Tachycardia Ablation
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.jacep.2020.06.037
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jacep.2020.06.037
Language: English
Additional information: © 2020 Published by Elsevier Inc. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http:// creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).
Keywords: ablation, functional substrate mapping, late potentials, substrate mapping, ventricular tachycardia
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science > Clinical Science
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10112206
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