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Multiple radial phosphorus segregations in GaAsP core-shell nanowires

Fonseka, HA; Zhang, Y; Gott, JA; Beanland, R; Liu, H; Sanchez, AM; (2020) Multiple radial phosphorus segregations in GaAsP core-shell nanowires. Nano Research 10.1007/s12274-020-3060-x. (In press). Green open access

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Abstract

Highly faceted geometries such as nanowires are prone to form self-formed features, especially those that are driven by segregation. Understanding these features is important in preventing their formation, understanding their effects on nanowire properties, or engineering them for applications. Single elemental segregation lines that run along the radii of the hexagonal cross-section have been a common observation in alloy semiconductor nanowires. Here, in GaAsP nanowires, two additional P rich bands are formed on either side of the primary band, resulting in a total of three segregation bands in the vicinity of three of the alternating radii. These bands are less intense than the primary band and their formation can be attributed to the inclined nanofacets that form in the vicinity of the vertices. The formation of the secondary bands requires a higher composition of P in the shell, and to be grown under conditions that increase the diffusivity difference between As and P. Furthermore, it is observed that the primary band can split into two narrow and parallel bands. This can take place in all six radii, making the cross sections to have up to a maximum of 18 radial segregation bands. With controlled growth, these features could be exploited to assemble multiple different quantum structures in a new dimension (circumferential direction) within nanowires.

Type: Article
Title: Multiple radial phosphorus segregations in GaAsP core-shell nanowires
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1007/s12274-020-3060-x
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12274-020-3060-x
Language: English
Additional information: This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Keywords: compound semiconductor alloys, radial segregations, three-fold symmetry, surface chemical potential
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Electronic and Electrical Eng
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10111993
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