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Bandgap Lowering in Mixed Alloys of Cs_{2}Ag(Sb_{x}Bi_{1-x})Br_{6} Double Perovskite Thin Films

Li, Z; Kavanagh, SR; Napari, M; Palgrave, RG; Abdi-Jalebi, M; Andaji-Garmaroudi, Z; Davies, DW; ... Hoye, RLZ; + view all (2020) Bandgap Lowering in Mixed Alloys of Cs_{2}Ag(Sb_{x}Bi_{1-x})Br_{6} Double Perovskite Thin Films. Journal of Materials Chemistry A , 8 (41) pp. 21780-21788. 10.1039/d0ta07145e. Green open access

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Abstract

Halide double perovskites have gained significant attention, owing to their composition of low-toxicity elements, stability in air and long charge-carrier lifetimes. However, most double perovskites, including Cs_{2}AgBiBr_{6}, have wide bandgaps, which limits photoconversion efficiencies. The bandgap can be reduced through alloying with Sb3+, but Sb-rich alloys are difficult to synthesize due to the high formation energy of Cs_{2}AgBiBr_{6}, which itself has a wide bandgap. We develop a solution-based route to synthesize phase-pure Cs_{2}Ag(Sb_{x}Bi_{1−x})Br_{6} thin films, with the mixing parameter x continuously varying over the entire composition range. We reveal that the mixed alloys (x between 0.5 and 0.9) demonstrate smaller bandgaps than the pure Sb- and Bi-based compounds. The reduction in the bandgap of Cs_{2}AgBiBr_{6} achieved through alloying (170 meV) is larger than if the mixed alloys had obeyed Vegard's law (70 meV). Through in-depth computations, we propose that bandgap lowering arises from the type II band alignment between Cs_{2}AgBiBr_{6} and Cs_{2}AgSbBr_{6}. The energy mismatch between the Bi and Sb s and p atomic orbitals, coupled with their non-linear mixing, results in the alloys adopting a smaller bandgap than the pure compounds. Our work demonstrates an approach to achieve bandgap reduction and highlights that bandgap bowing may be found in other double perovskite alloys by pairing together materials forming a type II band alignment.

Type: Article
Title: Bandgap Lowering in Mixed Alloys of Cs_{2}Ag(Sb_{x}Bi_{1-x})Br_{6} Double Perovskite Thin Films
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1039/d0ta07145e
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1039/d0ta07145e
Language: English
Additional information: © The Royal Society of Chemistry 2020. This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported Licence (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/).
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Dept of Chemistry
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > MAPS Faculty Office
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > MAPS Faculty Office > Institute for Materials Discovery
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10111974
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