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Artificial neural network based chemical mechanisms for computationally efficient modeling of hydrogen/carbon monoxide/kerosene combustion

An, J; He, G; Luo, K; Qin, F; Liu, B; (2020) Artificial neural network based chemical mechanisms for computationally efficient modeling of hydrogen/carbon monoxide/kerosene combustion. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2020.08.081. (In press).

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Abstract

To effectively simulate the combustion of hydrogen/hydrocarbon-fueled supersonic engines, such as scramjet and rocket-based combined cycle (RBCC) engines, a detailed mechanism for chemistry is usually required but computationally prohibitive. In order to accelerate chemistry calculation, an artificial neural network (ANN) based methodology was introduced in this study. This methodology consists of two different layers: self-organizing map (SOM) and back-propagation neural network (BPNN). The SOM is for clustering the dataset into subsets to reduce the nonlinearity, while the BPNN is for regression for each subset. Compared with previous studies, the chemical reaction mechanism involved in this study is more complex, therefore, the particle swarm optimization (PSO) method is employed for accelerating training process in this study. Then we were committed to constructing an ANN-based mechanism of hydrogen and kerosene for supersonic turbulent combustion and verifying it in a practical RBCC combustion chamber. The training data was generated by RANS simulations of the RBCC combustion chamber, and then fed into the SOM-BPNN with six different topologies (three different SOM topologies and two different BPNN topologies). Through LES simulation of the Rocket-Based Combined Cycle (RBCC) combustor, the six ANN-based mechanisms were verified. By comparing the predicted results of six cases with those of the conventional ODE solver, it is found that if the topology is properly designed, high-precision results in terms of ignition, quenching and mass fraction prediction can be achieved. As for efficiency, 8~20 times speedup of the chemical system integration was achieved, which will greatly improve the computational efficiency of combustion simulation of hydrogen/carbon monoxide/kerosene mixture.

Type: Article
Title: Artificial neural network based chemical mechanisms for computationally efficient modeling of hydrogen/carbon monoxide/kerosene combustion
DOI: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2020.08.081
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2020.08.081
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Hydrogen combustion, Kerosene combustionSupersonic combustionArtificial neural network (ANN)Rocket-based combined cycle (RBCC)
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Mechanical Engineering
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10111220
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