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The use of modified Mindfulness-based Stress Reduction and Mindfulness-based Cognitive Therapy programme for family caregivers of people living with dementia: a feasibility study

Cheung, DSK; Kor, PPK; Jones, C; Davies, N; Moyle, W; Chien, WT; Yip, ALK; ... Lai, C; + view all (2020) The use of modified Mindfulness-based Stress Reduction and Mindfulness-based Cognitive Therapy programme for family caregivers of people living with dementia: a feasibility study. Asian Nursing Research 10.1016/j.anr.2020.08.009. (In press). Green open access

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Abstract

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the feasibility and preliminary efficacy of a modified Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) programme and Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT) programme for reducing the stress, depressive symptoms, and subjective burden of family caregivers of people with dementia (PWD). METHODS: A prospective, parallel-group, randomized controlled trial design was adopted. Fifty-seven participants were recruited from the community and randomized into either the modified MBSR group (n = 27) or modified MBCT group (n = 26), receiving seven face-to-face intervention sessions over 16 weeks. Various psychological outcomes were measured at baseline (T0), immediately post-intervention (T1), and at the 3-month follow-up (T2). RESULTS: Both interventions were found to be feasible in view of the high attendance (over 70.0%) and low attrition (3.77%) rates. The mixed ANOVA results showed positive within-group effects on perceived stress (p = .030, Cohen's d = .54), depressive symptoms (p = .002, Cohen's d = .77), and subjective caregiver burden (p < .001, Cohen's d = 1.12) in both interventions across the time points, while the modified MBCT had a larger effect on stress reduction, compared with the modified MBSR (p = .019). CONCLUSIONS: Both the modified MBSR and MBCT are acceptable to family caregivers of PWD. Their preliminary effects were improvements in stress, depressive symptoms, and subjective burden. The modified MBCT may be more suitable for caregivers of PWD than the MBSR. A future clinical trial is needed to confirm their effectiveness in improving the psychological well-being of caregivers of PWD.

Type: Article
Title: The use of modified Mindfulness-based Stress Reduction and Mindfulness-based Cognitive Therapy programme for family caregivers of people living with dementia: a feasibility study
Location: Korea (South)
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.anr.2020.08.009
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anr.2020.08.009
Language: English
Additional information: This is an Open Access article published under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) Licence (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).
Keywords: caregivers, dementia, depression, mindfulness, stress
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health > Primary Care and Population Health
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10110727
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