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Elements of open education: An invitation to future research

Zawacki-Richter, O; Conrad, D; Bozkurt, A; Aydin, CH; Bedenlier, S; Jung, I; Stöter, J; ... Xiao, J; + view all (2020) Elements of open education: An invitation to future research. International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning , 21 (3) pp. 319-334. 10.19173/irrodl.v21i3.4659. Green open access

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Abstract

This paper explores elements of open education within the context of higher education. After an introduction to the origins of open education and its theoretical foundations, the topics of open and distance learning, international education issues in open education, open educational practices and scholarship, open educational resources, MOOCs, prior learning accreditation and recognition, and learner characteristics are considered, following the framework of macro, meso, and micro levels of research in open and distance learning. Implications for future research at the macro, meso, and micro levels are then provided.

Type: Article
Title: Elements of open education: An invitation to future research
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.19173/irrodl.v21i3.4659
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.19173/irrodl.v21i3.4659
Language: English
Additional information: © 2020 Athabasca University Press. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Keywords: open education, open learning, distance education, flexible learning, online learning, open educational resources, internationalization
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education > UCL Institute of Education
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education > UCL Institute of Education > IOE - Social Research Institute
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10109936
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