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Deep Human Activity Recognition With Localisation of Wearable Sensors

Lawal, IA; Bano, S; (2020) Deep Human Activity Recognition With Localisation of Wearable Sensors. IEEE Access , 8 pp. 155060-155070. 10.1109/access.2020.3017681. Green open access

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Abstract

Automatic recognition of human activities using wearable sensors remains a challenging problem due to high variability in inter-person gait and movements. Moreover, finding the best on-body location for a wearable sensor is also critical though it provides valuable context information that can be used for accurate recognition. This article addresses the problem of classifying motion signals generated by multiple wearable sensors for the recognition of human activity and localisation of the wearable sensors. Unlike existing methods that used the raw accelerometer and gyroscope signals for extracting time and frequency-based features for activity inference, we propose to create frequency images for the raw signals and show this representation to be more robust. The frequency image sequences are generated from the accelerometer and gyroscope signals from seven different body parts. These frequency images serve as the input to our proposed two-stream Convolutional Neural Networks (CNN) for predicting the human activity and the location of the sensor generating the activity signal. We show that the complementary information collected by both accelerometer and gyroscope sensors can be leveraged to develop an effective classifier that can accurately predict the performed human activity. We evaluate the performance of the proposed method using the cross-subjects approach and show that it achieves an impressive F1-score of 0.90 on a publicly available real-world human activity dataset. This performance is superior to that reported by another state-of-the-art method on the same dataset. Moreover, we also experimented with the datasets from different body locations to predict the best position for the underlying task. We show that shin and waist are the best places on the body for placing sensors and this could help other researchers to collect higher quality activity data. We plan to publicly release the generated frequency images from all sensor positions and activities and our implementation code with the publication.

Type: Article
Title: Deep Human Activity Recognition With Localisation of Wearable Sensors
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1109/access.2020.3017681
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1109/access.2020.3017681
Language: English
Additional information: This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License. For more information, see https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Keywords: Human activity recognition, deep learning, sensor localisation, wearable sensors.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Computer Science
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10109628
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