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Macula-predominant retinopathy associated with biallelic variants in RDH12

Ba-Abbad, R; Arno, G; Robson, AG; Bouras, K; Georgiou, M; Wright, G; Webster, AR; (2020) Macula-predominant retinopathy associated with biallelic variants in RDH12. Ophthalmic Genetics , 41 (6) pp. 612-615. 10.1080/13816810.2020.1802763. Green open access

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Abstract

Purpose: To describe the clinical, electrophysiological, and molecular features of an unusual macula-predominant retinopathy in two unrelated probands with biallelic variants in RDH12. / Methods: Retrospective case series / Results: A 29-year-old female presented with visual loss since the age of 14 years. Retinal examination revealed symmetric outer retinal atrophy in the posterior pole with peripapillary sparing. Fundus autofluorescence (AF) showed patchy loss of AF in the posterior pole, with hyper-autofluorescent borders. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) showed loss of the macular outer retinal layers. Pattern electroretinography (PERG) showed macular dysfunction and full-field ERG indicated mild loss of photoreceptor function. Next-generation sequencing (NGS) identified two variants in RDH12: p.(Arg234His) and c.448 + 1 G > A in trans. The second patient was a 10-year-old male with bilateral macular changes and visual loss. Retinal examination showed bilateral macular cloverleaf-like outer retinal changes, with relative foveal sparing. Fundus AF showed bilateral macular hypo-autofluorescent patches with a border of increased signal and preserved foveal AF. OCT showed attenuation of the perifoveal outer retinal layers in the regions of reduced AF signal. PERG showed macular dysfunction, but the full-field ERG was normal. NGS and whole-genome sequencing identified two variants in RDH12: p.(Arg234His) and p.(Cys245_Leu247deI) in trans. / Conclusions: Disease-causing variants in RDH12 are typically associated with early-onset severe retinal dystrophy with significant macular involvement. Hypomorphic alleles of this gene cause relatively mild retinopathy with predominant macular involvement. This phenotype demonstrates the vulnerability of the macular photoreceptors to certain perturbations of RDH12.

Type: Article
Title: Macula-predominant retinopathy associated with biallelic variants in RDH12
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1080/13816810.2020.1802763
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13816810.2020.1802763
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: RDH12-retinopathy, early-onset retinal dystrophy, macular dystrophy, RETINAL DEGENERATION, MUTATIONS
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Institute of Ophthalmology
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10109333
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