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Integrated Wireless-Optical Backhaul and Fronthaul Provision Through Multicore Fiber

Guerrero, LG; Morant, M; Li, T; Fice, MJ; Seeds, AJ; Llorente, R; White, IH; ... Renaud, CC; + view all (2020) Integrated Wireless-Optical Backhaul and Fronthaul Provision Through Multicore Fiber. IEEE Access , 8 pp. 146915-146922. 10.1109/access.2020.3014702. Green open access

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Abstract

In this paper we propose multicore fiber (MCF) as the medium to transport the different signals associated with various wireless applications (ranging from access to fronthauling and backhauling) from the baseband unit (BBU) to the cell-site. Using 1 km of a 7-core MCF, we simultaneously transmit fronthaul and backhaul signals from the BBU to the cell site, where they are converted to carrier frequencies in the mm-wave and sub-THz band, respectively. The backhaul is evaluated with a 12.5 GBd 16-quadrature amplitude modulation (QAM) signal, whereas the fronthaul is evaluated with a 7 Gbit/s on-off keying (OOK) signal carrying 14 LTE-compatible channels. The fronthaul signal is generated with a novel compression technique that achieves an efficiency 3-times higher than the one obtained with the common public radio interface (CPRI) protocol. Optical heterodyining is implemented at the cell site for optical-to-RF conversion. The local oscillator (LO) signal required for optical heterodyning is transmitted in a dedicated core, reducing the system complexity and enabling its straight-forward reuse for uplink (UL) transmission. The experimental demonstration includes the simultaneous full-duplex transmission of both the fronthaul and backhaul signals, using 6 cores of the MCF at the same time and achieving a gross data rate of 57 Gbit/s.

Type: Article
Title: Integrated Wireless-Optical Backhaul and Fronthaul Provision Through Multicore Fiber
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1109/access.2020.3014702
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scs.2020.102023
Language: English
Additional information: This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License. For more information, see https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Keywords: Backhaul, centralized-radio access network (C-RAN), fronthaul, mm-wave communications, multicore fiber (MCF), optical communications, photonics, radio-over-fiber (RoF), space division multiplexing, sub-THz communications.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Electronic and Electrical Eng
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10109058
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