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Functional outcome of retinal oedema and its standard treatment

Ayan, Filis Mehmedova; (2020) Functional outcome of retinal oedema and its standard treatment. Doctoral thesis (Ph.D), UCL (University College London). Green open access

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Macular oedema is a pathological condition of fluid accumulation in the retinal tissues. It is a nonspecific sign of several retinal diseases that in the long term can lead to permanent vision loss. The clinical aspect of macular oedema treatment and vision recovery is reduction of the amount of fluid accumulated in the retina. Due to its complex pathophysiological mechanism, macular oedema has proven challenging to manage. Many unanswered questions remain in the ophthalmology world on this subject. The development of recent diagnostic tools such as optical coherence tomography allows better understanding of the morphological changes in the retina. Now we are able to detect retinal oedema and characterise it by location, depth, and amount of fluid. Further, clinicians are now able to assess therapeutic response by examining the anatomical structures of the retina. Yet, with techniques offering objective accuracy, emerging reports have shown discrepancies between clinically examined visual acuity, anatomical changes of the retina, and patients’ self-reported visual ability. The presence of such discrepancies is also supported by the fact that results achieved by randomised clinical trials rarely align with results attained in real-world settings. Today, functional vision testing can be performed with several different methods including questionnaires, colour vision tests, reading speed tests, contrast sensitivity tests etc. Nevertheless, none of these methods are widely used in clinical settings, and their predictive capabilities have yet to be explored. Establishing precise methodology for functional vision testing is likely to provide better understanding of patients’ treatment response. This thesis aims to investigate the potential predictive capabilities of functional vision tests and to compare these capabilities with those of well-established, routine ophthalmic examinations such as visual acuity and retinal thickness tests. In the current research, I focused on the following functional examinations: the visual function questionnaire (VFQ- 25), reading speed testing, and testing of the contrast sensitivity of the macula area (examined by microperimetry). These techniques allowed very specific and sensitive testing of the functionality of the retina. In addition, I explored functional vision tests and their association to the routine ophthalmic tests and their ability to detect sub-clinical changes in vision. I believe further research in this area will offer better understanding of the functional vision changes in patients with macular oedema and potentially will help in improving visionrelated quality of life.

Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Qualification: Ph.D
Title: Functional outcome of retinal oedema and its standard treatment
Event: UCL (University College London)
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © The Author 2020. Original content in this thesis is licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) Licence (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/). Any third-party copyright material present remains the property of its respective owner(s) and is licensed under its existing terms. Access may initially be restricted at the author’s request.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10108579
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