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Changing the HTS Paradigm: AI-Driven Iterative Screening for Hit Finding

Dreiman, GHS; Bictash, M; Fish, PV; Griffin, L; Svensson, F; (2020) Changing the HTS Paradigm: AI-Driven Iterative Screening for Hit Finding. SLAS Discovery 10.1177/2472555220949495. (In press). Green open access

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Abstract

Iterative screening is a process in which screening is done in batches, with each batch filled by using machine learning to select the most promising compounds from the library based on the previous results. We believe iterative screening is poised to enhance the screening process by improving hit finding while at the same time reducing the number of compounds screened. In addition, we see this process as a key enabler of next-generation high-throughput screening (HTS), which uses more complex assays that better describe the biology but demand more resource per screened compound. To demonstrate the utility of these methods, we retrospectively analyze HTS data from PubChem with a focus on machine learning-based screening strategies that can be readily implemented in practice. Our results show that over a variety of HTS experimental paradigms, an iterative screening setup that screens a total of 35% of the screening collection over as few as three iterations has a median return rate of approximately 70% of the active compounds. Increasing the portion of the library screened to 50% yields median returns of approximately 80% of actives. Using six iterations increases these return rates to 78% and 90%, respectively. The best results were achieved with machine learning models that can be run on a standard desktop. By demonstrating that the utility of iterative screening holds true even with a small number of iterations, and without requiring significant computational resources, we provide a roadmap for the practical implementation of these techniques in hit finding.

Type: Article
Title: Changing the HTS Paradigm: AI-Driven Iterative Screening for Hit Finding
Location: United States
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1177/2472555220949495
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1177/2472555220949495
Language: English
Additional information: This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in the credit line; if the material is not included under the Creative Commons license, users will need to obtain permission from the license holder to reproduce the material. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Keywords: AI, HTS, iterative screening, machine learning
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology > Department of Neuromuscular Diseases
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Computer Science
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10108553
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