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Peripheral nerve neurolymphomatosis: clinical features, treatment and outcomes

Keddie, S; Nagendran, A; Cox, T; Bomsztyk, J; Jaunmuktane, Z; Brandner, S; Manji, H; ... Lunn, MP; + view all (2020) Peripheral nerve neurolymphomatosis: clinical features, treatment and outcomes. Muscle & Nerve , 62 (5) pp. 617-625. 10.1002/mus.27045. Green open access

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Abstract

INTRODUCTION: This series characterises 9 patients with neurohistopathologically proven peripheral nerve neurolymphomatosis. METHODS: A search of the hospital neuropathology database from 2002-2019 identified biopsy proven cases. Clinical data, investigation modalities, treatments and outcomes were collated. RESULTS: Median age at neuropathy onset was 47 years, commonly as the initial disease manifestation. Most (8/9) presented with painful asymmetrical sensory disturbance, with additional cranial nerve involvement in three. Neurophysiology typically demonstrated multiple axonal mononeuropathies. Cerebrospinal fluid protein was often raised (6/8). Magnetic resonance imaging suggested peripheral nerve infiltration in 6/9 and positron emission tomography CT in 4/9. Bone marrow biopsy was abnormal in 6/8. Treatment involved systemic or intrathecal chemotherapy and radiotherapy. Median survival was 23 months. DISCUSSION: Neurolymphomatosis is a rare but important cause of neuropathy, particularly in those lacking systemic evidence of lymphoma as correct aggressive treatment can prolong survival. Nerve biopsy is essential to classify lymphoma type and rule out alternatives.

Type: Article
Title: Peripheral nerve neurolymphomatosis: clinical features, treatment and outcomes
Location: United States
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1002/mus.27045
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/mus.27045
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: all clinical neurophysiology, hematologic, natural history studies, nerve tumour, peripheral neuropathy
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology > Brain Repair and Rehabilitation
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology > Clinical and Movement Neurosciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology > Department of Neuromuscular Diseases
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology > Neurodegenerative Diseases
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Cancer Institute
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Cancer Institute > Research Department of Pathology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine > Inflammation
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10107978
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