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Conditionals and inferential connections: toward a new semantics*

Douven, I; Elqayam, S; Singmann, H; Wijnbergen-Huitink, JV; (2020) Conditionals and inferential connections: toward a new semantics*. Thinking and Reasoning , 26 (3) pp. 311-351. 10.1080/13546783.2019.1619623. Green open access

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Abstract

In previous published research (“Conditionals and Inferential Connections: A Hypothetical Inferential Theory,” Cognitive Psychology, 2018), we investigated experimentally what role the presence and strength of an inferential connection between a conditional’s antecedent and consequent plays in how people process that conditional. Our analysis showed the strength of that connection to be strongly predictive of whether participants evaluated the conditional as true, false, or neither true nor false. In this article, we re-analyse the data from our previous research, now focussing on the semantics of conditionals rather than on how they are processed. Specifically, we use those data to compare the main extant semantics with each other and with inferentialism, a semantics according to which the truth of a conditional requires the presence of an inferential connection between the conditional’s component parts.

Type: Article
Title: Conditionals and inferential connections: toward a new semantics*
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1080/13546783.2019.1619623
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13546783.2019.1619623
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: conditionals; inference; semantics; logic; indeterminacy
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences > Experimental Psychology
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10107871
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