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The relevance effect and conditionals

Skovgaard-Olsen, N; Singmann, H; Klauer, KC; (2016) The relevance effect and conditionals. Cognition , 150 pp. 26-36. 10.1016/j.cognition.2015.12.017. Green open access

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Abstract

More than a decade of research has found strong evidence for P(if A, then C) = P(C|A) (“the Equation”). We argue, however, that this hypothesis provides an overly simplified picture due to its inability to account for relevance. We manipulated relevance in the evaluation of the probability and acceptability of indicative conditionals and found that relevance moderates the effect of P(C|A). This corroborates the Default and Penalty Hypothesis put forward in this paper. Finally, the probability and acceptability of concessive conditionals (“Even if A, then still C”) were investigated and it was found that the Equation provides a better account of concessive conditionals than of indicatives across relevance manipulations.

Type: Article
Title: The relevance effect and conditionals
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.cognition.2015.12.017
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cognition.2015.12.017
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Social Sciences, Psychology, Experimental, Psychology, Indicative conditionals, The New Paradigm, Relevance, Reasons, Concessive conditionals, The Equation, PROBABILITY, COVARIATION
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences > Experimental Psychology
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10107867
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