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Biomarkers associated with early stages of kidney disease in adolescents with type 1 diabetes

Marcovecchio, ML; Colombo, M; Dalton, RN; McKeigue, PM; Benitez-Aguire, P; Cameron, F; Chiesa, S; ... Dunger, D; + view all (2020) Biomarkers associated with early stages of kidney disease in adolescents with type 1 diabetes. Pediatric Diabetes , 21 (7) pp. 1322-1332. 10.1111/pedi.13095. Green open access

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Abstract

Objectives: To identify biomarkers of renal disease in adolescents with type 1 diabetes (T1D) and to compare findings in adults with T1D. Methods: Twenty‐five serum biomarkers were measured, using a Luminex platform, in 553 adolescents (median [interquartile range] age: 13.9 [12.6, 15.2] years), recruited to the Adolescent Type 1 Diabetes Cardio‐Renal Intervention Trial. Associations with baseline and final estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), rapid decliner and rapid increaser phenotypes (eGFR slopes <−3 and > 3 mL/min/1.73m2/year, respectively), and albumin‐creatinine ratio (ACR) were assessed. Results were also compared with those obtained in 859 adults (age: 55.5 [46.1, 64.4) years) from the Scottish Diabetes Research Network Type 1 Bioresource. Results: In the adolescent cohort, baseline eGFR was negatively associated with trefoil factor‐3, cystatin C, and beta‐2 microglobulin (B2M) (B coefficient[95%CI]: −0.19 [−0.27, −0.12], P = 7.0 × 10−7; −0.18 [−0.26, −0.11], P = 5.1 × 10−6; −0.12 [−0.20, −0.05], P = 1.6 × 10−3), in addition to clinical covariates. Final eGFR was negatively associated with osteopontin (−0.21 [−0.28, −0.14], P = 2.3 × 10−8) and cystatin C (−0.16 [−0.22, −0.09], P = 1.6 × 10−6). Rapid decliner phenotype was associated with osteopontin (OR: 1.83 [1.42, 2.41], P = 7.3 × 10−6), whereas rapid increaser phenotype was associated with fibroblast growth factor‐23 (FGF‐23) (1.59 [1.23, 2.04], P = 2.6 × 10−4). ACR was not associated with any of the biomarkers. In the adult cohort similar associations with eGFR were found; however, several additional biomarkers were associated with eGFR and ACR. Conclusions: In this young population with T1D and high rates of hyperfiltration, osteopontin was the most consistent biomarker associated with prospective changes in eGFR. FGF‐23 was associated with eGFR increases, whereas trefoil factor‐3, cystatin C, and B2M were associated with baseline eGFR.

Type: Article
Title: Biomarkers associated with early stages of kidney disease in adolescents with type 1 diabetes
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1111/pedi.13095
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1111/pedi.13095
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © 2020 The Authors. Pediatric Diabetes published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution‐NonCommercial‐NoDerivs License, which permits use and distribution in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, the use is non‐commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made.
Keywords: adolescents, biomarkers,complications, GFR, kidney disease
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science > Clinical Science
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10107113
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