UCL Discovery
UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

NfL as a biomarker for neurodegeneration and survival in Parkinson disease

Bäckström, D; Linder, J; Mo, SJ; Riklund, K; Zetterberg, H; Blennow, K; Forsgren, L; (2020) NfL as a biomarker for neurodegeneration and survival in Parkinson disease. Neurology 10.1212/WNL.0000000000010084. (In press). Green open access

[thumbnail of WNL.0000000000010084.full.pdf]
Preview
Text
WNL.0000000000010084.full.pdf - Accepted Version

Download (2MB) | Preview

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To determine if Neurofilament Light chain protein in cerebrospinal fluid (cNfL); a sensitive biomarker of neuroaxonal damage, reflects disease severity or can predict survival in Parkinson's disease (PD). METHODS: We investigated if disease severity, phenotype or survival in patients with new-onset PD correlates with cNfL concentrations around the time of diagnosis in the population-based NYPUM study cohort (n = 99). A second, larger new-onset PD cohort (n = 194) was used for independent validation. Association of brain pathology with the cNfL concentration was examined using striatal dopamine transporter imaging and repeated diffusion tensor imaging, at baseline, 1 and 3 years. RESULTS: Higher cNfL in the early phase of PD was associated with greater severity of all cardinal motor symptoms except tremor, in both cohorts, and with shorter survival and impaired olfaction. cNfL concentrations above the median of 903 ng/L conferred an overall 5.8 times increased hazard of death, during follow-up. After adjustment for age and sex, higher cNfL correlated with striatal dopamine transporter uptake deficits and lower fractional anisotropy in diffusion tensor imaging of several axonal tracts. CONCLUSIONS: cNfL shows usefulness as a biomarker of disease severity and to predict survival in PD. The present results indicate that the cNfL concentration reflects the intensity of the neurodegenerative process, which could be of importance in future clinical trials. CLASSIFICATION OF EVIDENCE: This study provides Class II evidence that in patients with PD, cNFL concentrations are associated with more severe disease and shorter survival.

Type: Article
Title: NfL as a biomarker for neurodegeneration and survival in Parkinson disease
Location: United States
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1212/WNL.0000000000010084
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1212/WNL.0000000000010084
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © 2020 The Author(s). Published by Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. on behalf of the American Academy of Neurology. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 (CC BY) (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Keywords: Class II, MRI, Parkinson's disease/Parkinsonism, SPECT, Natural history studies (prognosis)
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology > Neurodegenerative Diseases
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10106882
Downloads since deposit
37Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item