UCL Discovery
UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

Clinical and Molecular Features of Early Infantile Niemann Pick Type C Disease

Seker Yilmaz, B; Baruteau, J; Rahim, AA; Gissen, P; (2020) Clinical and Molecular Features of Early Infantile Niemann Pick Type C Disease. International Journal of Molecular Sciences , 21 (14) , Article 5059. 10.3390/ijms21145059. Green open access

[thumbnail of ijms-21-05059-v2.pdf]
Preview
Text
ijms-21-05059-v2.pdf - Published Version

Download (3MB) | Preview

Abstract

Niemann Pick disease type C (NPC) is a neurovisceral disorder due to mutations in NPC1 or NPC2. This review focuses on poorly characterized clinical and molecular features of early infantile form of NPC (EIF) and identified 89 cases caused by NPC1 (NPC1) and 16 by NPC2 (NPC2) mutations. Extra-neuronal features were common; visceromegaly reported in 80/89 NPC1 and in 15/16 NPC2, prolonged jaundice in 30/89 NPC1 and 7/16 NPC2. Early lung involvement was present in 12/16 NPC2 cases. Median age of neurological onset was 12 (0–24) and 7.5 (0–24) months in NPC1 and NPC2 groups, respectively. Developmental delay and hypotonia were the commonest first detected neurological symptoms reported in 39/89 and 18/89 NPC1, and in 8/16 and 10/16 NPC2, respectively. Additional neurological symptoms included vertical supranuclear gaze palsy, dysarthria, cataplexy, dysphagia, seizures, dystonia, and spasticity. The following mutations in homozygous state conferred EIF: deletion of exon 1+promoter, c.3578_3591 + 9del, c.385delT, p.C63fsX75, IVS21-2delATGC, c. 2740T>A (p.C914S), c.3584G>T (p.G1195V), c.3478-6T>A, c.960_961dup (p.A321Gfs*16) in NPC1 and c.434T>A (p.V145E), c.199T>C (p.S67P), c.133C>T (p.Q45X), c.141C>A (p.C47X) in NPC2. This comprehensive analysis of the EIF type of NPC will benefit clinical patient management, genetic counselling, and assist design of novel therapy trials.

Type: Article
Title: Clinical and Molecular Features of Early Infantile Niemann Pick Type C Disease
Location: Switzerland
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.3390/ijms21145059
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms21145059
Language: English
Additional information: This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Keywords: Niemann Pick disease type C; early infantile onset; neurological manifestations
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > UCL School of Pharmacy
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > UCL School of Pharmacy > Pharmacology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health > Genetics and Genomic Medicine Dept
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10106640
Downloads since deposit
33Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item