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FDG‐PET/CT after two cycles of R‐CHOP in DLBCL predicts complete remission but has limited value in identifying patients with poor outcome – final result of a UK National Cancer Research Institute prospective study

Mikhaeel, NG; Cunningham, D; Counsell, N; McMillan, A; Radford, JA; Ardeshna, KM; Lawrie, A; ... Barrington, SF; + view all (2021) FDG‐PET/CT after two cycles of R‐CHOP in DLBCL predicts complete remission but has limited value in identifying patients with poor outcome – final result of a UK National Cancer Research Institute prospective study. British Journal of Haematology , 192 (3) pp. 504-513. 10.1111/bjh.16875. Green open access

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Abstract

The UK National Cancer Research Institute initiated a prospective study (UKCRN‐ID 1760) to assess the prognostic value of early fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG)‐positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT) in diffuse large B‐cell lymphoma (DLBCL). In total, 189 patients with DLBCL treated with R‐CHOP (rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine and prednisone) had baseline and post‐cycle‐2 PET (PET2) within a quality assurance framework. Treatment decisions were based on CT; PET2 was archived for central blinded reporting after treatment completion. The association of PET2 response with end‐of‐treatment CT, progression‐free (PFS) and overall survival (OS) was explored. The end‐of‐treatment complete response rate on CT was 83·9%, 75·0%, 70·5%, 40·4% and 36·4% for Deauville score (DS) 1 (n = 34), 2 (n = 39), 3 (n = 46), 4 (n = 56) and 5 (n = 14) (P < 0·001); and 64·1% and 50·0% for the maximum standardised uptake value (∆SUVmax) of ≥66% (n = 168) and <66% (n = 21), respectively (P = 0·25). After a median 5·4 years of follow‐up, the 5‐year PFS was 69·4%, 72·8%, 76·7%, 71·2% and 47·6% by DS 1–5 (P = 0·01); and 72·6% and 57·1% by ∆SUVmax of ≥66% and <66% (P = 0·03), respectively. The association with DS remained in multivariable analyses, and was consistent for OS. Early complete metabolic response (DS 1–3) at interim PET/CT after two cycles of R‐CHOP in DLBCL was associated with a higher end‐of‐treatment complete and overall response rate; however, only DS‐5 patients had inferior PFS and OS.

Type: Article
Title: FDG‐PET/CT after two cycles of R‐CHOP in DLBCL predicts complete remission but has limited value in identifying patients with poor outcome – final result of a UK National Cancer Research Institute prospective study
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1111/bjh.16875
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1111/bjh.16875
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: diffuse large B‐cell lymphoma (DLBCL), positron emission tomography (PET), R‐CHOP chemotherapy
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Cancer Institute
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Cancer Institute > CRUK Cancer Trials Centre
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Cancer Institute > Research Department of Haematology
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10106166
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