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A practical method for reducing the interference due to lipaemia in coagulation tests

Gardiner, C; Lane, P; Tailor, H; Mackie, IJ; (2019) A practical method for reducing the interference due to lipaemia in coagulation tests. International Journal of Laboratory Hematology , 42 (2) pp. 140-144. 10.1111/ijlh.13129. Green open access

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Abstract

Introduction Plasma samples with gross lipaemia present a challenge for coagulation laboratories using optical analysers. High‐speed centrifugation may be used to remove excess lipids but it has not established whether this affects haemostasis tests. The aims were to determine whether the removal of lipid by centrifugation affects PT, APTT, fibrinogen, D‐dimer and von Willebrand factor activity measurements. Methods Twenty‐six lipaemic samples (median [range]): triglyceride 4.6 mmol/L [0.5‐17.0]; cholesterol: 4.06 mmol/L [2.20‐9.41] and 20 plasmas spiked with Intralipid 20 or lipid isolated from patient plasmas (median triglyceride of 11.95 mmol/L [5.0‐17.0] and cholesterol 4.33 [3.22‐7.06]), were tested before and after the removal of the lipid layer by centrifugation (10000 g for 10 minutes). Tests were performed using the CS‐5100 (Sysmex) coagulation analyser. Results Thirteen, 9, 3 and 1 of the lipaemic or spiked samples failed to give PT, APTT, fibrinogen and D‐dimer results, respectively. Centrifugation significantly reduced triglyceride (median 2.7, [0‐6.1 mmol/L]) and cholesterol (median 0.52 [0‐3.5]), allowing clot detection in all tests. There were no statistically significant differences in fibrinogen, D‐dimer or VWF levels in samples before and after lipid removal. A small but clinically insignificant change in PT and APTT was observed after lipid removal. Conclusion High‐speed centrifugation reduces lipaemia sufficiently to allow testing on an optical coagulation analyser without introducing clinically significant differences PT, APTT, fibrinogen, D‐dimer or VWF activity values.

Type: Article
Title: A practical method for reducing the interference due to lipaemia in coagulation tests
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1111/ijlh.13129
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1111/ijlh.13129
Language: English
Additional information: This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in the credit line; if the material is not included under the Creative Commons license, users will need to obtain permission from the license holder to reproduce the material. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Keywords: Science & Technology, Life Sciences & Biomedicine, Hematology, coagulation, laboratory automation, laboratory practice
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Cancer Institute
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Cancer Institute > Research Department of Haematology
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10105696
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