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Effectiveness of the displacement-based seismic performance assessment for continuous RC bridges and proposed extensions

Gentile, R; Nettis, A; Raffaele, D; (2020) Effectiveness of the displacement-based seismic performance assessment for continuous RC bridges and proposed extensions. Engineering Structures , 221 , Article 110910. 10.1016/j.engstruct.2020.110910. Green open access

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Abstract

Seismic performance assessment of existing bridges, especially those designed without seismic criteria, is paramount in earthquake-prone countries. To perform this task, the Displacement-Based Assessment (DBA) represents a satisfactory trade-off between simplicity and accuracy. After describing the modal analysis-based DBA procedure, a static-based alternative is proposed in this paper, considering its strengths and limitations. Moreover, an extension of the procedure is proposed to derive the force-displacement curve of the bridge (pseudo-pushover capacity curve). The effectiveness of the DBA methodology, implemented via simplified mechanical models, is discussed through parametric analyses to address its practical applications. The DBA approach, both modal and static, is herein adopted for the transverse analysis of a set of 36 reinforced concrete continuous-deck bridges up to six spans, with pier height in the range 8–20 m and two different values of the deck transverse stiffness. Additional sensitivity analyses (24 case studies) are conducted to investigate the accuracy of the two approaches considering: 1) the length of the bridge, 2) the amount of longitudinal reinforcement in the piers; 3) different pier typologies. The results are compared to numerical pushover and time-history analyses using three suites of 10 scaled, natural ground motions respectively consistent with low-, medium- and high-seismicity sites. For the majority of the case studies, the resulting performance assessments fall within one standard deviation of the results of the time-history analyses. For this reason, the displacement-based modal or static approaches can represent a valid alternative to numerical non-linear static analyses for continuous bridges with six spans or less.

Type: Article
Title: Effectiveness of the displacement-based seismic performance assessment for continuous RC bridges and proposed extensions
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.engstruct.2020.110910
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.engstruct.2020.110910
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher's terms and conditions.
Keywords: Displacement-based seismic assessment, RC bridges, Capacity/demand ratio, Capacity spectrum method, pushover analyses, Pushover analyses, Non-linear time-history analyses
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Inst for Risk and Disaster Reduction
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10105675
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