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PTV measurements of oscillating grid turbulence in water and polymer solutions

Lacassagne, T; Vatteville, J; Degouet, C; El Hajem, M; Simoëns, S; (2020) PTV measurements of oscillating grid turbulence in water and polymer solutions. Experiments in Fluids , 61 (7) , Article 165. 10.1007/s00348-020-03000-x. Green open access

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Abstract

Particle Tracking Velocimetry (PTV) is applied to measure the flow in an oscillating grid stirred tank filled with either water or shear thinning dilute polymer solutions (DPS) of Xanthan Gum (XG). There are many interests of studying turbulence in such complex non-Newtonian fluids (e.g. in the pharmaceutical, cosmetic, or food industry), and grid stirred tanks are commonly used for fundamental studies of turbulence in Newtonian fluids. Yet the case of oscillating grid flows in shear thinning solutions has been addressed recently by Lacassagne et al. (Exp Fluids 61(1):15, Phys Fluids 31(8):083102, 2019a, b), with only a single two dimensional (2D) Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) characterization of mean flow and turbulence properties in the central vertical plane of the tank. Here, PTV data processed by the Shake The Box algorithm allows for the time resolved, three dimensional (3D) 3 components (3C) measurement of Lagrangian velocities for a large number of tracked particles in a central volume of interest of the tank. The possibility of projecting this Lagrangian information on an Eulerian grid is explored, and projected Eulerian results are compared with 2D PIV data from the previous work. Even if the mean flow is difficult to reproduce at the lowest polymer concentrations, a good agreement is found between measured turbulent decay laws, thus endorsing the use of this 3D-PTV metrology for the study of oscillating grid turbulence in DPS. The many possibilities of further analysis offered by the 3D3C nature of the data, either in the original Lagrangian form or in the projected Eulerian one, are finally discussed.

Type: Article
Title: PTV measurements of oscillating grid turbulence in water and polymer solutions
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1007/s00348-020-03000-x
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00348-020-03000-x
Language: English
Additional information: © 2020 Springer Nature. This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Mechanical Engineering
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10105464
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