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Practical considerations in designing and analysing cross-over clinical trials

Lambrou, Dimitrios Nikolaos; (2001) Practical considerations in designing and analysing cross-over clinical trials. Doctoral thesis (Ph.D), UCL (University College London). Green open access

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Abstract

The problem of carry-over in cross-over trials has driven research activity for many decades. Depending on the assumptions made concerning carry-over effect in the 2×2 design, the CROS or the PAR estimator is selected for estimating treatment effect. The two stage procedure, selecting CROS with probability p and PAR with probability 1-p, achieves lower power and higher type I error-rate when compared to CROS. A corrected scheme, which achieves the nominal type I error-rate, proves inferior to alternative schemes regarding power and Mean Square Error Estimation rate. When baseline measurements are included in the analysis of the 2×2 design, a three-stage procedure emerges with similar properties to the two-stage one. The optimum plan for designing a cross-over study in families with more than two periods and/or sequences, depends on the assumptions made for the carry-over effects and the optimality criterion chosen. Best plans for two treatments, when model mis-specification occurs in both the systematic and/or random part of the model assumed to have generated the observed data, are derived. When three or more treatments are compared, optimum cyclic plans are chosen under a wide range of assumptions concerning carry-over activity.

Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Qualification: Ph.D
Title: Practical considerations in designing and analysing cross-over clinical trials
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Language: English
Additional information: Thesis digitised by ProQuest.
Keywords: Health and environmental sciences; Clinical trials
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10105427
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