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Nebulisers for the generation of liposomal aerosols

Bridges, Paul Anthony; (1997) Nebulisers for the generation of liposomal aerosols. Doctoral thesis (Ph.D), UCL (University College London). Green open access

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Abstract

The thesis details investigations into the use of various types of medical nebuliser for the generation of liposomal aerosols. Chapter 1 provides a comprehensive introduction to the theory and practice of drug delivery to the respiratory tract. It also reviews the potential applications of inhaled liposomes to drug delivery, and the devices used to generate liposomal aerosols. A preliminary investigation into the physicochemical attributes of liposomes which may influence aerosol generation is detailed in chapter 2. These include studies of the stability of liposome bilayers to disruptive energy (ie. membrane extrusion and sonication), investigations of the surface tension and viscosity of liposomes, and also the release of a liposomally entrapped hydrophilic marker. Chapter 3 demonstrates how these physicochemical attributes may influence nebulised liposomal aerosols. Most notably, the aerosol droplet size and output rate are proportional to the concentration of the formulation. The residual liposome concentration is determined by the mean liposome size. The droplet size, nebulisation time, aerosol output, and residual liposome concentration are all significantly influenced by the particular jet nebuliser model selected for aerosol generation. The relative stability of different liposome formulations to nebulisation is also determined by a variety of factors, as revealed in chapter 4 of the thesis. The release of an entrapped marker, and the reduction in liposome size during nebulisation, is influenced by the nebuliser model, and also the liposome size and bilayer composition. Chapter 5 investigates the freeze drying of liposomes. The chapter concludes that liposomes for nebulisation may be freeze dried in the presence of a cryoprotectant, without influencing the aerosol produced following subsequent rehydration. Chapter 6 reveals that the droplet size produced from ultrasonic nebulised liposomes is relatively large, and the output inefficient from concentrated formulations. In addition, ultrasonic nebulisation is associated with similar liposome stability concerns as jet nebulisation.

Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Qualification: Ph.D
Title: Nebulisers for the generation of liposomal aerosols
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Language: English
Additional information: Thesis digitised by ProQuest.
Keywords: Health and environmental sciences; Aerosols; Generation; Liposomal; Nebulisers
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10104997
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