UCL Discovery
UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

Are heavyweight buildings more comfortable? The potential of thermal mass in increasing thermal comfort

Gauthier, S; Teli, D; James, P; Stamp, S; (2017) Are heavyweight buildings more comfortable? The potential of thermal mass in increasing thermal comfort. In: Proceedings of 33rd PLEA International Conference: Design to Thrive, PLEA 2017. (pp. pp. 1084-1091). PLEA: Edinburgh, UK. Green open access

[img]
Preview
Text
Are heavyweight buildings more comfortable.pdf - Published version

Download (1MB) | Preview

Abstract

In temperate climates, one passive design solution is to increase the heat capacity of building fabric. This design principle aims to reduce heating demand in winter and over-heating in summer; it is also coupled with more stable indoor air and radiant temperature. This may suggest that by exposing thermal mass, occupants may feel more comfortable. Although previous research based on simulations have studied this relationship, there is a lack of empirical evidence. This paper reviews the results an EU-funded research project, smart controls and thermal comfort (SCATs) to ascertain the impact of building fabric on occupants' perceived comfort. Between 1997 and 2000, twenty-six office buildings from five different countries (France, Greece, Portugal, Sweden and UK) were surveyed using a transverse questionnaire, a longitudinal questionnaire and environmental monitoring. This paper analyses the transverse questionnaires responses (N=451), in particular answers to questions on thermal perception, thermal preference and overall comfort. Results show a statistically significant relationship between building fabric heat capacity and subjective comfort (thermal perception χ2(1)=3.78, p=0.05 and overall comfort χ2(1)=4.37, p<0.05). Heavyweight buildings are reported to be more comfortable than lightweight buildings. Providing careful integration with building management, this insight may have implications on the adoption of thermal mass in new and retrofit buildings

Type: Proceedings paper
Title: Are heavyweight buildings more comfortable? The potential of thermal mass in increasing thermal comfort
Event: 33rd PLEA International Conference: Design to Thrive, PLEA 2017
ISBN-13: 9780992895754
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Publisher version: http://www.plea-arch.org/
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the version of record. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Passive design, Thermal mass, Thermal comfort, Adaptive comfort
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of the Built Environment
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of the Built Environment > Bartlett School Env, Energy and Resources
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10104703
Downloads since deposit
5Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item