UCL Discovery
UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

Assessing the impact of environmental pressures on seagrass Blue Carbon stocks in the British Isles

Green, Alix Evelyn; (2020) Assessing the impact of environmental pressures on seagrass Blue Carbon stocks in the British Isles. Doctoral thesis (Ph.D), UCL (University College London). Green open access

[thumbnail of Alix Green_Thesis_10_07_20.pdf]
Preview
Text
Alix Green_Thesis_10_07_20.pdf - Accepted Version

Download (6MB) | Preview

Abstract

The requirements of nations to respond to the Paris Climate Agreement by outlining National Determined Contributions (NDC’s) to reduce their emissions is placing an increased global focus on the spatial extent, loss and restoration of seagrass meadows. Despite such interest, local carbon storage trends and the spatial extent of seagrass remains poorly mapped globally, and knowledge of historical loss is limited. In the British Isles this information is largely absent. The primary aim of this work was to provide a foundation of knowledge on seagrass Blue Carbon and the status of seagrass in the British Isles, to 1) better inform local conservation and management, and 2) further advance the field’s understanding of trends in sediment carbon storage. The work raised questions about the globally accepted standards for Blue Carbon research, particularly in extrapolating estimates from short (<40cm) to long (>100cm) cores. This underestimated carbon stocks by >40% in one site. Across 13 studied seagrass meadows, seagrass carbon stocks were similar, apart from at one anomalous site, and differences could not be explained by sediment silt content or aboveground biomass. Despite local similarities, on a European scale the average recorded carbon stocks were high, representing the second most carbon dense sediment per hectare of any documented European country. I found that seagrass sediments disturbed by anchoring and mooring activates had significantly less sediment carbon than undisturbed seagrass sediment. Finally, I documented 8,493 ha of recently mapped seagrass in the British Isles. With high certainty, 41% of British seagrass has been lost since 1936, and historic seagrass losses could be as high as 92%. The results are discussed in terms of conservation and management of seagrass, particularly pertaining to Blue Carbon provisions.

Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Qualification: Ph.D
Title: Assessing the impact of environmental pressures on seagrass Blue Carbon stocks in the British Isles
Event: UCL
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © The Author 2020. Original content in this thesis is licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) Licence (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/). Any third-party copyright material present remains the property of its respective owner(s) and is licensed under its existing terms. Access may initially be restricted at the author’s request.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS > Dept of Geography
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10104698
Downloads since deposit
311Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item