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Contagious Animosity in the Field: Evidence from the Federal Criminal Justice System

McConnell, B; Rasul, I; (2021) Contagious Animosity in the Field: Evidence from the Federal Criminal Justice System. Journal of Labor Economics , 39 (3) pp. 739-785. 10.1086/711180. Green open access

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Abstract

We investigate whether increased animosity toward Muslims after 9/11 had spillover effects on Black and Hispanic individuals in the federal criminal justice system. Using linked administrative data tracking defendants from arrest through sentencing, we find that after 9/11, sentence and presentence outcomes for Hispanic defendants significantly worsened. Outcomes for Black defendants were unchanged. The findings are consistent with judges and prosecutors displaying social preferences characterized by contagious animosity from Muslims to Hispanics. Our findings provide among the first field evidence of contagious animosity, indicating that social preferences across out-groups are interlinked and malleable.

Type: Article
Title: Contagious Animosity in the Field: Evidence from the Federal Criminal Justice System
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1086/711180
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1086/711180
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the version of record. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS > Dept of Economics
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10104645
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