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Some perspectives on the design and discovery of new multi-component reactions

Kern, Oliver Thomas; (2001) Some perspectives on the design and discovery of new multi-component reactions. Doctoral thesis (Ph.D), UCL (University College London). Green open access

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Abstract

This thesis is divided into three parts. Part one presents an overview of multi-component reactions, contrasting isocyanide based and non-isocyanide based multi-component reactions, and gives examples of the most important examples of these types of reactions. In addition, a brief discussion of 1,3-dipolar cycloadditions is given to serve as a framework for the discussion in part two of the results obtained. Part two is divided into three sections and discusses two conceptually different approaches to the development of new multi-component reactions. The first discusses the use of combinatorial methods for the generation and screening of reaction libraries and the limitations encountered in this approach. The second section deals with the use of isocyanides in a 1,4-cycloaddition followed by a 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition affording isoxazolines. A series of isocyanides were successfully employed both in an intra- and intermolecular fashion. Furthermore, the results gained from attempts using electron rich dipolarophiles as trapping agents in the latter 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition, suggest an alternative mechanism proceeding g through an intermediate nitronate, rather than the nitrile oxide as previously assumed. The initial low yields were improved upon by the use of lithium perchlorate as a promoter of the cycloaddition reaction. The third section details the attempts made at utilising silylated nucleophiles to generate silyinitronates from nitroalkenes and their subsequent use in inter- and intramolecular 1,3-dipolar cycloadditions. Part three describes the experimental procedures employed and results obtained.

Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Qualification: Ph.D
Title: Some perspectives on the design and discovery of new multi-component reactions
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Language: English
Additional information: Thesis digitised by ProQuest.
Keywords: Pure sciences; Isocyanide
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10104421
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